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fūnāle, is, v. funalis, II.

fūnālis, e, adj. [funis],

  1. I. consisting of or attached to a rope or cord: equus, an extra horse yoked to a chariot, but attached to it at the side of the others by a rope or trace, a trace-horse, Suet. Tib. 6; Stat. Th. 6, 462; Aus. Epit. 35, 10; Hyg. Fab. 183: cereus, a wax-torch, Val. Max. 3, 6, 4; called also candela, Serv. Verg. A. 11, 143; cf. II. B.
  2. II. Subst.: fūnāle, is, n.
    1. A. A cord or thong of a sling: funda media duo funalia imparia habebat, Liv. 42, 65, 10.
      More freq.,
    2. B. A wax-torch or taper (cf.: taeda, fax, candela): funale λαμπάδιον, funalia δαλοί, Gloss. Philox.; cf. Isid. Orig. 20, 10, 5; Serv. Verg. A. 1, 727; 11, 143: C. Duilius delectabatur crebro funali et tibicine, Cic. de Sen. 13, 44: noctem flammis funalia vincunt, Verg. A. 1, 727: lucida, Hor. C. 3, 26, 7: clara, Sil. 6, 667.
      1. 2. Transf., a chandelier, i. q. candelabrum, Ov. M. 12, 247; cf. Isid. Orig. 20, 10, 5.

fūnambŭlus, i, m. [funis-ambulo], a rope-dancer, Ter. Hec. prol. 4; prol. alt. 26; Suet. Galb. 6.
Transf.: tu funambule pudicitiae et castitatis, Tert. de Pudic. 10.
Called also fūnĭambŭlus, Aug. in Psa. 39, 9.

fūnārĭus, a, um, adj. [funis],

  1. I. of or belonging to a rope (post-class.): equus, i. q. funalis equus, an extra horse, trace-horse, Isid. Orig. 18, 35, 2.
  2. II. Subst.: Fūnā-rĭus, ii, m., a surname of Gratianus, father of the emperor Valentinianus (so called from his bodily strength, because five men could not drag a rope out of his hands), Aur. Vict. Epit. 45; Amm. 30, 7, 2.

functĭo, ōnis, f. [fungor], a performing, executing, discharging; a performance, execution.

  1. I. In gen. (Ciceron., but very rare): labor est functio quaedam vel animi vel corporis gravioris operis et muneris, Cic. Tusc. 2, 15, 35: ut iis jucundior esset muneris illius functio, id. Verr. 2, 3, 6, § 15.
    1. * B. Transf., of things: functionem recipere per solutionem, i. e. perform the part, supply the place of, Dig. 12, 1, 2, § 1.
  2. II. In partic. (post-class.).
    1. A. Payment of taxes, Cod. Just. 8, 54, 4; 10, 22, 3.
    2. B. An ending, end (of life), death: inevitabilis, Arn. 2, 78: mortalium, id. 2, 104.

functus, a, um, Part., from fungor.

funda, ae, f. [Sanscr. spandē, itch; Gr. σφαδάζω, to move convulsively; σφοδρός, σφεδανός, impassioned; σφενδόνη; cf. 3. fūsus], a sling.

  1. I. Lit.: funda dicta eo, quod ex ea fundantur lapides, id est emittantur, Isid. Orig. 18, 10, 1: inde fundis, sagittis, tormentis hostes propelli ac summoveri jussit, Caes. B. G. 4, 25, 1; 5, 35 fin.; 5, 43, 1; Liv. 38, 29, 4 sq.; Plin. 7, 56, 57, § 201; Plaut. Poen. 2, 32 sq.; Ter. Eun. 4, 7, 16; Cic. poët. Fragm. ap. Quint. 8, 6, 73; Verg. G. 1, 309; id. A. 9, 586; Ov. M. 4, 517 al.
  2. II. Transf.
    1. A. That which is thrown with a sling, the sling-stone, missile,, Sil. 10, 152.
    2. B. A casting-net, drag-net, Verg. G. 1, 141.
    3. C. (From the similarity to the hollow of a sling in which the stone lay, like σφενδόνη.) The hollow of a ring in which a jewel is set, the bezel, Plin. 37, 8, 37, § 116 (in Cic. Off. 3, 9, 38, called pala anuli).
    4. D. A money-bag, purse, Macr. S. 2, 4 fin.

fundālis, e, adj. [funda], of or belonging to a sling (post-class.): stridor, Prud. Psych. 293.

fundāmen, ĭnis, n. [2. fundo], a foundation (poet. for the class. fundamentum; mostly in plur.): ponere fundamina, Verg. G. 4, 161: Siculae terrae, Ov. M. 5, 361: rerum, id. ib. 15, 433; id. F. 4, 835.
In sing.: fundamine magno res Romana valet, Ov. M. 14, 808; Hier. Gal. 4, 1; 2.

fundāmentum, i, n. [2. fundo], a foundation, ground-work, basis (class.; mostly in plur.; cf. basis).

  1. I. Lit.
          1. (α) Sing. (rare): quin cum fundamento (aedes) Perierint, Plaut. Most. 1, 2, 69: substruere fundamentum, id. ib. 1, 2, 40.
          2. (β) Plur.: operum fastigia spectantur, latent fundamenta, Quint. prooem. § 4: agere fundamenta, Cic. Mil. 27, 75: maximorum operum, id. Marc. 8, 25: prima urbi jacere, Liv. 1, 12, 4 (cf. under II. β the passage from Cic. Fl. 2, 4): novae domus jacere, Suet. Calig. 22; cf. id. Aug. 28: alta theatri locare, Verg. A. 1, 428: altae Carthaginis locare, id. ib. 4, 266; Plin. 36, 14, 21, § 95: fodere delubro, id. 28, 2, 4, § 15: subdere per solidum, Tac. A. 4, 62: urbis quatit Neptunus, Verg. A. 2, 611: saxa turris, quibus fundamenta continebantur, convellunt, Caes. B. C. 2, 11, 3: villa a fundamentis inchoata, Suet. Caes. 46: Albam a fundamentis proruere, utterly, Liv. 26, 13, 16: urbs a fundamentis diruta, id. 42, 63, 11; 42, 67, 9.
    1. B. Transf., the bottom, = fundus: qui a fundamento mihi usque movisti mare, id. ib. 2, 6, 55.
  2. II. Trop. (syn.: sedes, initium).
          1. (α) Sing.: meo judicio pietas fundamentum est omnium virtutum, Cic. Planc. 12, 29; cf.: fundamentum justitiae est fides, id. Off. 1, 7, 23: narratio est quaedam quasi sedes et fundamentum constituendae fidei, id. Part. 9, 31: eloquentiae, id. de Or. 3, 37, 151: philosophiae, id. Div. 2, 1, 2: initium ac fundamentum defensionis, id. Clu. 10, 30: horum criminum, id. Cael. 13, 30: quod fundamentum hujus quaestionis est, id videtis, id. N. D. 1, 17, 44: disciplina nixa fundamento veritatis, Gell. 14, 1, 20: fundamentum et causa imperii, Sen. Ep. 87, 41: caput et fundamentum intellegitur totius testamenti heredis institutio, Gai. Inst. 2, 229.
          2. (β) Piur.: illic radices, illic fundamenta sunt, Quint. 10, 3, 3: quibus initiis ac fundamentis hae tantae summis in rebus laudes excitatae sunt, Cic. Sest. 2, 5: libertatis, id. Balb. 13, 31: virtutum, id. Fin. 2, 22, 72; cf.: consulatus tui, id. Pis. 4, 9: senectus, quae fundamentis adolescentiae constituta est, id. de Sen. 18, 62: ad evertenda fundamenta rei publicae, id. Cat. 4, 6, 13: actionum, id. Phil. 4, 1, 1: jacere pacis fundamenta, id. ib. 1, 1, 1; so with jacio: rei publicae, id. Fam. 12, 25, 2: civitatis, id. N. D. 3, 2, 5; id. Ac. 2, 12, 37; id. Sull. 10, 30; Curt. 5, 1, 29; Lact. 7, 1, 1: defensionis, Cic. Mur. 6, 14: salutis suae, id. Fam. 10, 29: non praeterit me quam magnarum rerum fundamenta ponam senex, Sen. Q. N. 3 praef. 1: vitae, id. Ep. 13, 16: impudentiae, Quint 12, 6, 2: futuri oratoris, id. ib. 1, 4, 5; for which also with the dat. (cf. supra I. the passage from Liv. 1, 12, 4): cui causae, Cic. Fl. 2, 4: verecundiae, id. Rep. 4, 4 Mos.: imperii, Plin. 15, 18, 20, § 78.

1. Fundānĭus, a, the name of a Roman gens.

  1. I. C. Fundanius, Varro’s father-in-law, Varr. R. R. 1, 2, 1.
  2. II. C. Fundanius, a friend of Cicero, and who was defended by him, Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 3, § 10; Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 5, 19; v. the few fragments of the oration in Orell. Cic. IV. 2, p. 445; this oration is called Fundaniana in Serv. Verg. G. 2, 342.
  3. III. Fundanius, a comedian, a friend of Horace and Maecenas, Hor. S. 1, 10, 42; 2, 8, 19.
    In fem.: Fundānĭa, ae, Varro’s wife, Varr. R. R. 1, 1, 1.

2. Fundānĭus, a, um, and Fundā-nus, a, um, v. Fundi.

fundātĭo, ōnis, f. [2. fundo], a founding, foundation (very rare): fundationes aedium, Vitr. 5, 3: substructionis fodere, id. 3, 3; Hil. Trin. 11, 37.

fundātor, ōris, m. [2. fundo],

  1. I. a founder (very rare for conditor, creator): Praenestinae urbis, Verg. A. 7, 678: terrae, Lact. 2. 1, 5: imperii Romani, Inscr. Grut. 56, 5 sq.
  2. II. Trop.: securitatis publicae (Licinius), Inscr. Orell. 1071: quietis (Constantinus), ib. 1075.

fundātus, a, um, Part. and P. a., from 2. fundo.

Fundi, ōrum, m.,

  1. I. a sea-coast town of Latium, on the Appian Way, between Formiae and Tarracina, now Fondi, Mel. 2, 4, 9; Cic. Att. 14, 6, 1; Liv. 41, 27; Hor. S. 1, 5, 34; Suet. Tib. 5; id. Galb. 4; 8.
  2. II. Derivv.
    1. A. Fundānus, a, um, adj., of or belonging to Fundi: ager, Cic. Agr. 2, 25, 66: solum, Ov. P. 2, 11, 28: lacus, near Fundi, whence the famous Caecuban wine, Plin. 3, 5, 9, § 59; hence, Amyclae, situated on the Lacus Fundanus, Mart. 13, 115: vina, Plin. 14, 6, 8, § 65.
      Subst.: Fundāni, the inhabitants of Fundi, Inscr. Orell. 821.
    2. B. Fundānĭus, a, um, adj., the same: Hercules, who was worshipped at Fundi, Vop. Flor. 4; Inscr. Orell. 1539.

fundĭbălum (-bŭlum), i, n., or fun-dĭbălus, i, m. [vox hibr. from funda and βάλλω], a hurling or slinging machine (late Lat.), Vulg. 1 Macc. 6, 51; Ambros. Ep. 37, 40; cf. Isid. Orig. 18, 10, 2: Fundibali λιθοβόλοι, Gloss. Lat. Gr.

fundĭbŭlārius, ii, m., a slinger (for the class. funditor), Vulg. 4 Reg. 3, 25; Judith, 6, 8: σφενδονῐται, Gloss. Lat. Gr.

fundĭbŭlum χώνη, a funnel, Gloss. Philox. [1. fundo].

fundĭto, āre, v. freq. a. [1. fundo] (anteand post-class.).

  1. I. To hurl or sling at: globos volantes jussi funditarier, Plaut. Poen. 2, 36: spicula, Amm. 24, 4, 16.
  2. II. Trop.: tantilla tanta verba funditat, pours forth, Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 61: istaec verba, id. Am. 4, 2, 12.
    Absol.: ne illa ecastor faenerato funditat, Plaut. As. 5, 2, 52.

fundĭtor, ōris, m. [funda], one who fights with a sling, a slinger, σφενδονίτης, a sort of light-armed soldier (cf.: jaculator, sagittarius), Caes. B. G. 2, 7, 1; 2, 10, 1; 2, 19, 4; 2, 24, 4 et saep.; Sall. J. 46, 7; 49, 6 al.

fundĭtus, adv. [fundus], from the very bottom, from the foundation (syn.: a fundamento, ab radicibus, radicitus, penitus; freq. and class.).

  1. I. Lit.: monumentum P. Scipionis funditus delevit ac sustulit, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 36, § 79; cf.: Carthaginem et Numantiam funditus sustulerunt, id. Off. 1, 11, 35; Vell. 1, 12, 5: destructum templum, Suet. Vesp. 9: perire, Hor. C. 1, 16, 20: evellere, by the roots, Phaedr. 2, 2, 10.
    1. B. Trop., utterly, entirely, totally, completely: belli magnos commovit funditus aestus, Lucr. 5, 1435: quae domus tam stabilis, quae tam firma civitas est, quae non odiis et discidiis funditus possit everti? Cic. Lael. 7, 23; cf.: praecepta, quae probas, funditus evertunt amicitias, id. Fin. 2, 25, 80: amicitias funditus tollere e vita, id. Lael. 13, 48; id. N. D. 1, 42, 118; 1, 41, 115: tollere veritatem et fidem, id. Or. 62, 209: eicere, id. Tusc. 1, 18, 42; 5, 33, 93: abolitae leges et versae funditus, Tac. A. 3, 36: perdidisti me sodalem funditus, Plaut. Bacch. 3, 6, 31; id. Most. 3, 1, 154; cf.: Lacedaemonios funditus vicit, Cic. Inv. 1, 33, 55; Verg. A. 11, 413; Enn. ap. Fest. p. 333 Müll. (Ann. v. 132 Vahl.): ne res redeant ad nilum funditus omnes, Lucr. 1, 673: curare nomen, Enn. ap. Charis. p. 239 P. (Ann. v. 163 Vahl.): perspicere omnes res gestas, Lucr. 1, 478: earum rerum funditus esse expertem, Cic. de Or. 3, 50, 195: ne spondeus quidem funditus est repudiandus, id. Or. 64, 216: funditus aliquid pessum dare, Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 128.
  2. II. Transf., at the bottom, below (only ante- and post-class., and very rare): subsedit funditus, ut faex, Lucr. 5, 497; Spart. Hadr. 12 fin.

1. fundo, fūdi, fūsum, 3, v. a. [root FUD; Gr. ΧΥ, χεϝ-, in χέω, χεύσω; Lat. futis, futtilis, ec-futio, re-futo, etc., Curt. Gr. Etym. p. 204 sq.], to pour, pour out, shed.

  1. I. Lit., of fluids.
      1. 1. In gen.: (natura terram) sucum venis cogebat fundere apertis Consimilem lactis, etc., Lucr. 5, 812: sanguinem e patera, Cic. Div. 1, 23, 46: novum liquorem (i. e. vinum) de patera, Hor. C. 1, 31, 3: vina paterā in aras, Ov. M. 9, 160; cf.: vinum inter cornua, id. ib. 7, 594: vinum super aequora, id. ib. 11, 247: duo rite mero libans carchesia Baccho Fundit humi, Verg. A. 5, 78: laticem urnis, Ov. M. 3, 172: lacrimas, Verg. A. 3, 348: cf. Ov. M. 5, 540: fundit Anigros aquas, pours out, id. ib. 15, 282: parumne fusum est Latini sanguinis? shed, spilt, Hor. Epod. 7, 4: sanguine ob rem publicam fuso, Sall. H. Fr. 2, 96, 2 Dietsch: sanguinem de regno (i. e. propter regnum), Curt. 10, 5.
        Mid.: memorandum, in septem lacus eum (Strymonem) fundi, discharges itself, Plin. 4, 10, 17, § 38: ingentibus procellis fusus imber, pouring, Liv. 6, 8, 7; 6, 32, 6; cf.: sanguis in corporibus fusus, Cic. de Or. 2, 77, 310.
      2. 2. In partic.
        1. a. Of metals, to make by melting, to melt, cast, found: exolevit fundendi aeris pretiosi ratio, Plin. 34, 2, 3, § 5; cf. id. 34, 7, 18, § 46: caldarium (aes) funditur tantum, malleis fragile, id. 34, 8, 20, § 94: aere fuso, id. 34, 11, 24, § 107: vitrum, id. 34, 14, 42, § 148: glandes, Auct. B. Afr. 20, 3: Theodorus ipse se ex aere fudit, Plin. 34, 8, 19, § 83: ne statuam quidem inchoari, cum ejus membra fundentur, Quint. 2, 1, 12: fusis omnibus membris (statuae), id. 7 praef. § 2: olim quaerere amabam, Quid sculptum infabre, quid fusum durius esset, Hor. S. 2, 3, 22.
        2. * b. In medic. lang.: aliquem, to cause one to have fluid stools, to relax the bowels (opp. comprimere): si compresserit aliquem morbus aut fuderit, Cels. praef. med.; cf. under P. a.
    1. B. Transf.
      1. 1. To wet, moisten, bathe with a liquid (poet. and very rare): (ossa) niveo fundere lacte, Tib. 3, 2, 20: multo tempora funde mero, id. 1, 7, 50.
      2. 2. Of things non-fluid.
        1. a. In gen., to pour forth in abundance, to scatter, cast, hurl; to spread, extend, diffuse: desectam cum stramento segetem corbibus fudere in Tiberim, Liv. 2, 5, 3: picem reliquasque res, quibus ignis excitari potest, fundebant, Caes. B. G. 7, 24, 4: tela, Val. Fl. 3, 243: sagittam, Sil. 7, 647: (solis) radios per opaca domorum, Lucr. 2, 115: quas (maculas) incuria fudit, has scattered, Hor. A. P. 352: fundunt se carcere laeti Thraces equi, pour themselves forth, rush out, Val. Fl. 1, 611: se cuncta manus ratibus, id. 2, 662: littera fundens se in charta, Plin. 13, 12, 25, § 81: luna se fundebat per fenestras, Verg. A. 3, 152.
          Mid.: ne (vitis) in omnes partes nimia fundatur, spread out, Cic. de Sen. 15, 52: homines fusi per agros ac dispersi, Cic. Sest. 42, 91.
        2. b. In partic.
          1. (α) With the accessory notion of production, to bring forth, bear or produce (in abundance): crescunt arbusta et fetus in tempore fundunt, Lucr. 1, 351; cf.: terra feta frugibus et vario leguminum genere, quae cum maxima largitate fundit, Cic. N. D. 2, 62, 156: flores aut fruges aut bacas, id. Tusc. 5, 13, 37: frugem, id. de Sen. 15, 51: plus materiae (vites), Plin. 17, 22, 35, § 192: cum centesimo Leontini campi fundunt, id. 18, 10, 21, § 95: facile illa (piscium ova) aqua et sustinentur et fetum fundunt, Cic. N. D. 2, 51, 129: (terra) animal prope certo tempore fudit Omne, Lucr. 5, 823; cf. ib. 917: fudit equum magno tellus percussa tridenti, Verg. G. 1, 13: Africa asinorum silvestrium multitudinem fundit, Plin. 8, 30, 46, § 108: quae te beluam ex utero, non hominem fudit, Cic. Pis. init.; Verg. A. 8, 139, v. Forbig. ad h. l.
          2. (β) With the secondary notion of depth or downward direction, to throw or cast to the ground, to prostrate: (victi hostes) et de jugis, quae ceperant, funduntur, Liv. 9, 43, 20: nec prius absistit, quam septem ingentia victor Corpora (cervorum) fundat humi, Verg. A. 1, 193; cf. Ov. M. 13, 85; Sil. 4, 533: aliquem arcu, Val. Fl. 1, 446.
            In middle force: fundi in alga, to lie down, Val. Fl. 1, 252.
            Esp. freq. milit. t. t., overthrow, overcome, rout, vanquish an enemy: hostes nefarios prostravit, fudit, occidit, Cic. Phil. 14, 10, 27; cf.: exercitus caesus fususque, id. ib. 14, 1, 1: aliquos caedere, fundere atque fugare, Sall. J. 58, 3: Gaetulos, id. ib. 88, 3: classes fusae fugataeque, id. ib. 79, 4; cf.: si vi fudisset cecidissetque hostes, Liv. 35, 1, 8: hostes de jugis, id. 9, 43, 20: Gallos de delubris vestris, id. 6, 16, 2: eas omnes copias a se uno proelio fusas ac superatas esse, Caes. B. G. 1, 44, 8; cf.: Massilienses crebris eruptionibus fusi, id. B. C. 2, 22, 1: Latini ad Veserim fusi et fugati, Cic. Off. 3, 31, 112; Liv. 2, 6 fin.: quatuor exercitus Carthaginiensium fudi, fugavi, Hispania expuli, id. 28, 28, 9; cf. Drak. on 38, 53, 2; less freq. in a reversed order: alios arma sumentes fugant funduntque, Sall. J. 21, 2; Vell. 2, 46 fin.: omnibus hostium copiis fusis armisque exutis, Caes. B. G. 3, 6, 3: magnas copias hostium fudit, Cic. Mur. 9, 20: Sabinos equitatu fudit, id. Rep. 2, 20: Armeniorum copias, id. Arch. 9, 21: maximas copias parva manu, Sall. C. 7, 7.
  2. II. Trop.
    1. A. Ingen., to pour out or forth, to spread out, extend, display: imago de corpore fusa, Lucr. 4, 53: animam moribundo corpore fudit, id. 3, 1033; cf. id. 3, 700: concidit ac multo vitam cum sanguine fudit, Verg. A. 2, 532: circuli (appellantur), quod mixta farina et caseo et aqua circuitum aequabiliter fundebant, poured out, spread out, Varr. L. L. 5, § 106: quem secutus Cicero hanc famam latius fudit, Quint. 11, 2, 14; cf. id. 10, 5, 11: cum vero causa ea inciderit, in qua vis eloquentiae possit expromi: tum se latius fundet orator, will display himself, Cic. Or. 36, 125: superstitio, fusa per gentes, id. Div. 2, 72 init.; cf. Quint. 11, 3, 84: neque se tanta in eo (Cicerone) fudisset ubertas, id. 12, 2, 23: fundet opes, Latiumque beabit divite lingua, riches of expression, Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 121.
      Mid.: quamquam negant, nec virtutes nec vitia crescere: tamen utrumque eorum fundi quodammodo et quasi dilatari putant, to be diffused, Cic. Fin. 3, 15, 48; cf.: modo virtus latius funditur, Sen. Ep. 74, 27; and: semper ex eo, quod maximas partes continet latissimeque funditur, tota res appellatur, id. 5, 30, 92: saepe in amplificanda re funditur numerose et volubiliter oratio, id. Or. 62, 210.
    2. B. In partic., of speech, to pour forth, utter: per quam (arteriam) vox principium a mente ducens percipitur et funditur, Cic. N. D. 2, 59, 149; cf.: e quibus elici vocem et fundi videmus, id. Tusc. 2, 24, 56: inanes sonos, id. ib. 5, 26, 73 (for which: inani voce sonare, id. Fin. 2, 15, 48): sonum, id. Ac. 2, 23, 74: verba poëtarum more (opp. ratione et arte distinguere), id. Fin. 4, 4, 10: versus hexametros aliosque variis modis atque numeris ex tempore, id. de Or. 3, 50, 194; cf.: grave plenumque carmen, id. Tusc. 1, 26, 64: tam bonos septenarios ad tibiam, id. ib. 1, 44, 107: physicorum oracula, id. N. D. 1, 26, 66: has ore loquelas, Verg. A. 5, 842: preces pectore ab imo, id. ib. 6, 55; so, preces, id. ib. 5, 234; Hor. Epod. 17, 53: mera mendacia, Plaut. Ps. 4, 1, 33: jam tu verba fundis hic, sapientia? you waste, Ter. Ad. 5, 2, 7: opprobria rustica, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 146: iras inanes, Val. Fl. 3, 697: vehemens et liquidus puroque simillimus amni Fundet opes, Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 121: preces, App. M. 11, p. 258, 4; Tac. A. 14, 30; Aug. in Psa. 25, 10 al.
      Hence, fūsus, a, um, P. a., spread out, extended, broad, large, copious, diffuse.
    1. A. Lit.: (aër) tum fusus et extenuatus sublime fertur, tum autem concretus in nubes cogitur, Cic. N. D. 2, 39, 101: fusior alvus, i. e. more relaxed (opp. astrictior), Cels. 1, 3 med.: toga (opp. restricta), wide, full, Suet. Aug. 73: Gallorum fusa et candida corpora, full, plump, Liv. 38, 21, 9: campi in omnem partem, extended, Verg. A. 6, 440; cf.: non fusior ulli Terra fuit domino, a broader, larger kingdom, Luc. 4, 670.
    2. B. Trop., copious, diffuse; flowing, free: genus sermonis non liquidum, non fusum ac profluens, Cic. de Or. 2, 38, 159; cf.: constricta an latius fusa narratio, Quint. 2, 13, 5: materia abundantior atque ultra quam oporteat fusa, id. 2, 4, 7: ut illud, quod ad omnem honestatem pertinet, decorum, quam late fusum sit, appareat, Cic. Off. 1, 28, 98; cf. Quint. 11, 1, 5: (vox) in egressionibus fusa et securae claritatis (opp. contracta), unrestrained, free, id. 11, 3, 64: periodus, id. 9, 4, 128: fusiores liberioresque numeri, id. 130: lingua Graeca prolixior fusiorque quam nostra, Gell. 2, 26, 7: in locis ac descriptionibus fusi ac fluentes, Quint. 9, 4, 138: plenior Aeschines et magis fusus, id. 10, 1, 77: dulcis et candidus et fusus Herodotus (opp. densus et brevis et semper instans sibi Thucydides), id. 10, 1, 73.
      Sup. seems not to occur.
      Adv.: fūse.
      1. * 1. (Acc. to A.) Spread out, extended: (manus) fusius paulo in diversum resolvitur, Quint. 11, 3, 97.
      2. 2. (Acc. to B.) Copiously, at length, diffusely: quae fuse olim disputabantur ac libere, ea nunc articulatim distincteque dicuntur, Cic. Leg. 1, 13, 36: multa dicere fuse lateque, id. Tusc. 4, 26, 57: fuse lateque dicendi facultas, id. Or. 32, 113: fuse et copiose augere et ornate aliquid (opp. brevia et acuta), id. Fin. 3, 7, 26.
        Comp.: haec cum uberius disputantur et fusius (opp. brevius angustiusque concluduntur), Cic. N. D. 2, 7, 20: fusius et ornatius rem exponere, Quint. 4, 2, 128.
        Sup. seems not to occur.

2. fundo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [fundus], to lay the bottom, keel, foundation of a thing, to found (syn.: condo, exstruo, etc.).

  1. I. Lit. (perh. only poet.): haec carina satis probe fundata et bene statuta est, i. e. is laid, Plaut. Mil. 3, 3, 44 (v. Ritschl ad h. l.); dum mea puppis erat validā fundata carinā, Ov. P. 4, 3, 5; id. H. 16, 111: Erycino in vertice sedes fundatur Veneri Idaliae, is founded, Verg. A. 5, 759: sedes saxo vetusto. id. ib. 8, 478: arces, id. ib. 4, 260.
    1. B. Transf., in gen., to fasten, secure, make firm: dente tenaci Ancora fundabat naves, Verg. A. 6, 4: (genus humanum) Et majoribus et solidis magis ossibus intus Fundatum, Lucr. 5, 928; 4, 828.
  2. II. Trop., to found, establish, fix, confirm (class., esp. in part. perf.; cf.: firmo, stabilio): illud vero maxime nostrum fundavit imperium et populi Romani nomen auxit, quod, etc., Cic. Balb. 13, 31; cf.: quantis laboribus fundatum imperium, id. Cat. 4, 9, 19: qui (rei publicae status) bonorum omnium conjunctione et auctoritate consulatus mei fixus et fundatus videbatur, id. Att. 1, 16, 6: accurate non modo fundata verum etiam exstructa disciplina, id. Fin. 4, 1, 1; cf.: fundati a doctore, thoroughly instructed, Lact. 6, 21, 4: res publica praeclare fundata, Cic. Par. 1, 2, 10; cf.: qui legibus urbem Fundavit, Verg. A. 6, 810: in eorum agro sedes fundare Bastarnis, Liv. 40, 57, 5: libertatem, salutem, securitatem, Plin. Pan. 8, 1: jus civile, Dig. 1, 2, 2, § 39: vacuos Penates prole, Stat. S. 4, 7, 30; cf.: thalamos Tritonide nympha, i. e. to marry, Sil. 2, 65: partis et fundatis amicitiis, Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 7, 25: fundatae atque optime constitutae opes, Cic. Rab. Post. 1, 1; cf.: nitidis fundata pecunia villis, well laid out, Hor. Ep. 1, 15, 46: nihil veritate fundatum, Cic. Fl. 11, 26; cf. Lucr. 5, 161.
    Hence, fundātus, a, um, P. a., firm, fixed, grounded, durable (very rare).
    1. A. Lit.: quo fundatior erit ex arenato directura, etc., Vitr. 7, 3 med.: si permanetis in fide fundati, Vulg. Col. 1, 23.
    2. B. Trop.: deflevi subitas fundatissimae familiae ruinas, Auct. Or. pro Domo, 36, 96.

fundŭla, ae, f., a street without an outlet, a cul de sac: a fundo, quod exitum non habent ac pervium non est, Varr. L. L. 5, § 145.

fundŭlus, i, m. dim. [fundus].

  1. * I. A kind of sausage: FUNDULUM a fundo, quod non ut reliquae partes, sed ex una parte sola apertum, Varr. L. L. 5, § 111.
  2. * II. In mechanics, a kind of sucker or piston: ambulatiles, Vitr. 10, 13.

fundus, i, m. [Sanscr. budh-nas, ground; Gr. πυθμήν, πύνδαξ; O. H. Germ. Bodam; Germ. Boden; v. fodio], the bottom of any thing (class.).

  1. I. Lit.
    1. A. In gen.: armarii fundum exsecuit, the bottom of the chest, Cic. Clu. 64, 179: ollae, Plin. 15, 17, 18, § 60: scyphi, Dig. 41, 1, 26: (Aetna) fundo exaestuat imo, from the lowest bottom, Verg. A. 3, 577; cf.: imo Nereus ciet aequora fundo, id. ib. 2, 419: amnis fundo carens, Plin. 3, 16, 20, § 122: maris, Vulg. Judith, 5, 12: calicis, id. Isa. 51, 17.
      Prov.: largitio fundum non habet, there is no end of giving, Cic. Off. 2, 15, 55.
      1. * 2. Transf. (pars pro toto), a cup: hi duo longaevo censentur Nestore fundi, Mart. 8, 6, 9.
    2. B. In partic., a piece of land, a farm, estate (syn.: praedium, villa): fundi appellatione omne aedificium et omnis ager continetur; sed in usu urbana aedificia aedes, rustica villae dicuntur; locus vero sine aedificio in urbe area, rure autem ager appellatur: idemque ager cum aedificio fundus dicitur, Dig. 50, 16, 211; Cic. Agr. 3, 2 fin.: cum inprobata sit eorum sententia qui putaverint furtivum fundum fieri posse, Gai. Inst. 2, 51; cf.: non hominum tantum neque rerum moventiumsed fundi quoque et aedium fieri furtum, Masur. Sab. ap. Gell. 11, 18, 13: cui nostrum non licet fundos nostros obire? Cic. de Or. 1, 58, 249: nunquam tam mane egredior, quin te in fundo conspicer fodere, Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 16; Crass. ap. Cic. de Or. 2, 55, 224; Cic. Caecin. 36, 104; id. Verr. 2, 3, 50, § 119; id. Fam. 13, 69, 2; Quint. 4, 2, 131: dulcia poma feret cultus tibi fundus, Hor. S. 2, 5, 13 et saep.: euge, fundi et aedes, per tempus subvenistis mihi, Plaut. Truc. 1, 2, 84; cf.: si quidem habes fundum atque aedis, id. ib. 1, 2, 75: nostri fundi calamitas, Ter. Eun. 1, 1, 34: quasi non fundis exornatae multae incedant per vias, i. e. with the price of a farm, Plaut. Ep. 2, 2, 42: unumne fundum pulcherrimum populi Romani, disperire patiemini? Cic. Agr. 2, 29, 80: nunc is nobis fundus est, i. e. ex quo fructus capiamus, Plaut. Truc. 4, 2, 15 Spengel ad loc.
      Prov.: fundum alienum arat, incultum familiarem deserit, Plaut. As. 5, 2, 24.
  2. II. Trop.
    1. A. In gen.: fluxas Phrygiae res vertere fundo, i. e. from its foundation, = funditus, Verg. A. 10, 88: cenae, the principal dish, Gell. 17, 8, 2.
    2. B. In partic., publicists’ t. t., qs. one who lays the foundation for the decision of a thing, one that approves a thing or ratifies it, the approver (syn. auctor): fundus dicitur populus esse rei, quam alienat, hoc est auctor, Paul. ex Fest. p. 89 Müll.: non ut hujus sententiae legisque fundus fierem, Gell. 19, 8, 12: negat ex foederato populo quemquam potuisse, nisi is populus fundus factus esset, in hanc civitatem venire, etc., Cic. Balb. 8, 19 (where Cicero gives to this legal principle another meaning); cf.: quid enim potuit dici imperitius quam foederatos populos fieri fundos oportere? id. ib. 8, 20; 11, 27; 18, 42: municipes sunt cives Romani ex municipiis, legibus suis et suo jure utentesneque ulla populi Romani lege astricti, nisi populus eorum fundus factus est, Gell. 16, 13, 6.
      1. 2. Transf. (ante- and post-class., and rare): ut, quae cum ejus filio egi, ei rei fundus pater sit potior, may officially confirm, Plaut. Trin. 5, 1, 7; cf. Gell. 19, 8, 12; and Paul. ex Fest. p. 89 Müll. supra.

fūnē̆bris, e, adj. [funus], of or belonging to a funeral, funeral-, funereal (syn.: funerĕus, feralis; funestus, fatalis).

  1. I. Lit. (class.): epulum, Cic. Vatin. 12, 30: vestimentum, id. Leg. 2, 23, 59: lectus, Petr. 114: cupressi, Hor. Epod. 5, 18: pompa, Tac. H. 3, 67: contio, Cic. de Or. 2, 84, 341; Quint. 11, 3, 153; cf. laudationes, id. ib.; 3, 7, 2: carmen, id. 8, 2, 8.
    1. B. Subst.: fūnē̆bria, ium, n., funeral rites, Cic. Leg. 2, 24, 50; Plin. 7, 52, 53, § 177.
  2. II. Transf., deadly, mortal, fatal, cruel (poet. and in post-Aug. prose): sacra, i. e. human offerings, Ov. Tr. 4, 4, 85: bellum, Hor. Ep. 1, 19, 49: vulva, Plin. 11, 37, 84, § 209: malum populis (elephantiasis), id. 26, 1, 5, § 8: difficiles, funebria ligna, tabellae, Ov. Am. 1, 12, 7.

fūnĕrārĭus, a, um, adj. [funus], of or relating to a funeral (post-class.).

  1. I. Adj.: actio, on account of the expenses of a funeral, Dig. 11, 7, 14, § 6; ib. 21 al.
  2. II. Subst.: fūnĕrārĭus, ii, m., one who took charge of funerals, an undertaker, Firm. 3, 6 med.

fūnĕrātīcĭus or -tĭus, a, um, adj. [funus],

  1. I. of or relating to a funeral (post-class.): actio, Dig. 11, 7, 30 (al. funeraria, v. funerarius).
  2. II. Subst.: FVNERATICIVM, ii, n., the money spent on a funeral, burial expenses, Inscr. Orell. 2417; 4107; 4420.

fūnĕrātĭo, ōnis, f. [funero], a burial, funeral (late Lat.): Indi funerationes negligunt, Mart. Cap. 6, § 696.

fūnĕrātor κηδευτὴς νεκροῦ, Gloss. Philox.

fūnĕrēpus, i, v. funirepus.

fūnĕrĕus, a, um, adj. [funus], of or belonging to a funeral, funeral- (poet. for the class. funebris, q. v.).

  1. I. Lit.: faces, funeral-torches, Verg. A. 11, 143: fronde coronat pyram, id. ib. 4, 506.
  2. II. Transf., deadly, destructive, fatal: torris, Ov. M. 8, 511: dextra (Discordiae), Val. Fl. 7, 468: bubo, i. e. ill-boding, dismal, Ov. M. 10, 453: os bubonis, id. ib. 226.

fūnĕro, āvi, ātum

    (
  1. I. dep. form funeratus est, Capitol. Pert. 14), 1, v. a. [funus], to bury with funeral rites, to inter (perh. not ante-Aug.; syn.: sepelio, humo, effero): qui funerari se jussit sestertiis undecim milibus, Plin. 33, 10, 47, § 135; Suet. Claud. 45; id. Tib. 51; id. Calig. 15; id. Ner. 50; id. Oth. 11; id. Dom. 17; Dig. 11, 7, 14; Sen. ad Helv. 2, 5; 12, 5; Val. Max. 1, 6, 6; 4, 4, 2; 4, 6, 3 al.: (apes) defunctas progerunt funerantiumque more comitantur exsequias, Plin. 11, 18, 20, § 63: qui funerari sepelirive aliquem prohibuerit, Paul. Sent. 5, 26, 3.
  2. II. Transf. (consequens pro antecedente), fūnĕrātus, a, um, killed, destroyed: prope funeratus Arboris ictu, Hor. C. 3, 8, 7: funerata est pars illa corporis, qua quondam Achilles eram, Petr. 129, 1.

fūnĕror, āri, v. funero init.

fūnesto, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [funestus], to pollute or disgrace with murder.

  1. I. Lit. (class.; syn. foedo): aras ac templa humanis hostiis, Cic. Font. 10, 21: aram sociorum, id. Mil. 33, 90: contionem contagione carnificis, id. Rab. Perd. 4, 11.
  2. II. Transf., in gen., to pollute, dishonor (post-Aug.): emptor veneni Frangenda miseram funestat imagine gentem, Juv. 8, 18: sese nuptiis incestis, Cod. Th. 3, 12, 3: corpus in civitatem inferri non licet, ne funestentur sacra civitatis, Paul. Sent. 1, 21, 2.

fūnestus, a, um, adj. [funus].

  1. I. Act., causing death, destruction, or calamity; causing grief; deadly, fatal, destructive, calamitous, mournful, dismal (class.; syn.: nefarius, perniciosus; fatalis, fatifer): ad ejus (C. Verris) funestam securem servati, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 47, § 123; cf.: deorum templis atque delubris funestos ac nefarios ignes inferre, id. Cat. 3, 9, 22: arma, Ov. F. 1, 521: venenum, id. M. 3, 49: morsus, id. ib. 11, 373: munus, id. ib. 2, 88: taxus, id. ib. 4, 432; cf. taeda, Verg. A. 7, 322: scelus, Phaedr. 3, 10, 50.
    Comp.: funestior dies Alliensis pugnae, quam urbis captae, Cic. Att. 9, 5, 2.
    Sup.: Caligula sceleratissimus ac funestissimus, Eutr. 7, 12.
          1. (β) With dat.: aquilam argenteam, quam tibi perniciosam et funestam futuram confido, Cic. Cat. 1, 9, 24: o diem illum funestum senatui bonisque omnibus! id. Sest. 12, 27; cf.: nox nobis, id. Fl. 41, 103: victoria orbi terrarum, Planc. ap. Cic. Fam. 10, 8, 3.
  2. II. Neutr., filled with misfortune or grief, fatal, mournful, sad (class.; syn.: infaustus, infelix, etc.): agros funestos reddere, Lucr. 6, 1139: capilli, Ov. F. 6, 493: utque manus funestas arceat aris, i. e. polluted with blood, id. M. 11, 584: familia, in mourning, Cic. Leg. 2, 22, 55; Liv. 2, 8, 8; 2, 47, 10: adeo ut annales velut funesti nihil praeter nomina consulum suggerant, as if they were lists of the dead, id. 4, 20, 9; cf. epistolae, announcing misfortune or sad tidings, Vell. 2, 117, 1: funestior advolat alter Nuntius, Claud. in Eutr. 2, 474; cf.: nocturna volucris funesta querela, Prop. 2, 20 (3, 13), 5; hence also: omen, id. 2, 28, 38 (3, 25, 4 M.): littera, denoting death, mourning, Ov. M. 10, 216: manus, mourning (of a dowager), id. ib. 11, 585: funestum est a forti atque honesto viro jugulari, funestius ab eo, cujus vox, etc., Cic. Quint. 31, 95.

fūnētum, i, n. [funis], a vine trained so as to form an arbor, Plin. 17, 22, 35, § 174.

fungĭdus σομφός (spongy), Gloss. Philox.

fungĭnus, a, um, adj. [fungus], of a mushroom; comic.: pol hic quidem fungino genere est, Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 9.

fungor, functus, fungi, v. dep. [kindred to Sanscr. bhuj-, frui], to busy one’s self with or be engaged in something; to perform, execute, administer, discharge, observe, do (syn.: administro, defungor); constr. with abl., rarely with acc. or absol.

  1. I. In gen.
          1. (α) With abl.: valetudo (opportuna est), ut dolore careas et muneribus fungare corporis, Cic. Lael. 6, 22; cf.: populari munere, id. Rep. 3, 35: virtutis perfectae perfecto munere, id. Tusc. 1, 45, 109; so, munere, id. Rep. 1, 7; 5, 2; id. Off. 2, 16, 57; 2, 20, 70; id. Brut. 16, 63; id. Leg. 1, 3, 10; Caes. B. G. 7, 25, 3; Hor. Ep. 1, 9, 5 al.; cf.: magnificentissimā aedilitate, Cic. Off. 2, 16, 57: consulatu, Suet. Caes. 23; id. Galb. 3: praeturā, id. Tib. 4; id. Claud. 24; 38; id. Gram. 7: quaesturā, id. Aug. 36: magisterio, id. Dom. 4: potius barbarorum quam illius more, to observe, Nep. Con. 3, 4: funguntur officio, perform, Cic. Cael. 9, 21: officio rhetoris, Quint. 2, 1, 6; Suet. Claud. 29; cf. Hor. S. 2, 6, 109: cum suam vicem functus officio sit, had filled his own place as husband, Liv. 1, 9, 15: legationibus, Quint. 3, 2, 4: militiā, Suet. Gram. 9: oppugnationibus et acie feliciter, Vell. 2, 95, 2: sacris, Hor. A. P. 224: laboribus, id. C. 2, 18, 38; cf. periculis, Just. 7, 4: dapibus, to have done with the food, Ov. F. 2, 791: caede, to murder, id. H. 14, 19: morte, to die, id. M. 11, 583; Vell. 2, 49, 1; for which also: fato, Ov. M. 11, 559; Quint. 3, 7, 10; Suet. Calig. 6; Val. Max. 1, 8, 5 ext.: vitā, Gell. 20, 2, 3; Lact. 2, 1, 1; Dig. 48, 5, 11 fin.; 49, 17, 14: voto, to pay a vow, Just. 9, 2: fungar vice cotis, to serve instead of, Hor. A. P. 304: indicis partibus, Plin. Ep. 3, 5, 2: ter aevo functus senex (Nestor), who had lived through, enjoyed, Hor. C. 2, 9, 13; cf.: functo longissima statione mortali, Vell. 2, 131, 2: virtute functi duces, who have shown, exhibited, Hor. C. 4, 15, 29; cf.: omni virtute functa (femina), Quint. 6 praef. § 5.
            Of things: possunt aliquando oculi non fungi suo munere, Cic. Div. 1, 32, 71: aliquae (vocales) officio consonantium fungantur, Quint. 1, 4, 10: levissima quaeque (quaestio) primo loco fungitur, id. 3, 6, 8 Spald. N. cr.: res eadem perorationis vice fungitur, id. 4, 3, 11; cf. id. 4, 1, 75.
          2. (β) With acc. (so always in Plaut. and Ter. except officiis, Ter. Ad. 4, 3, 12; but in class. prose only once in Nep.; v. infra): ingentia munera fungi, Lucil. ap. Non. 497, 12: munus, id. ib. 10; Plaut. Men. 1, 4, 5; id. Trin. prol. 1; 2, 2, 73: militare munus fungens, Nep. Dat. 1, 2 al.: officium, Pac. ap. Non. 497, 16 (Trag. Rel. v. 129 Rib.); Titin. ib. 6 (Com. Rel. v 48 ib.); Turp. ib. 13; Ter. Heaut. 1, 1, 14; 3, 3, 19; id. Ad. 3, 4, 18; id. Phorm. 2, 1, 51: sine me alliatum fungi fortunas meas, Plaut. Most. 1, 1, 45: Mago diem fungitur relictis duobus filiis, i. e. dies, Just. 19, 1, 1: mala multa animus contagibu’ fungitur ejus, i. e. suffers, Lucr. 3, 734.
          3. (γ) In gerundive, as v.a.: muneris fungendi gratia, Cic. Rep. 1, 17; cf. Hirt. B. G. 8, 12, 3; Cic. Att. 1, 1, 2: ad suum munus fungendum, id. Tusc. 3, 7, 15: per speciem alienae fungendae vicis, Liv. 1, 41, 6: spes facta militiae fungendae potioribus ducibus, id. 24, 21, 3.
          4. (δ) Absol. (very rare): at facere et fungi sine corpore nulla potest res, i. e. to suffer, Lucr. 1, 443 sq.; so 3, 168: pro fultura et substructione fungentur fundamenta, will serve, Col. 1, 5, 9: nec livida tabes Invidiae functis quamquam et jam lumine cassis Defuit, i. e. to the dead, = defunctis, Stat. Th. 2, 15; cf.: omnia functa Aut moritura vides, id. S. 2, 1, 209; id. Th. 4, 483; 511; Albin. 1,393; Aus. Ep.33.
  2. II. In partic., to perform, discharge, contribute, pay any thing due from one: hoc vobis est statuendum, quid aratorem ipsum arationis nomine muneris in re publica fungi ac sustinere velitis, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 86, § 199: per omnes annos atque omnia bella duplici numero se militum equitumque fungi, Vell. 2, 15, 3: cum eo sumptu res publica fungatur, Tac. A. 14, 21: qui fenus exercent, omnibus patrimonii intributionibus fungi debent, etsi possessionem non habeant, Dig. 50, 1, 22 fin.
    Note: In pass. signif. (post-class. and very rare): pretia rerum non ex affectione, nec utilitate singulorum, sed communiter fungi, are not taken, Dig. 9, 2, 33: dos, quae semel functa est, amplius fungi non potest, Ulp. Fragm. 6, 11.

fungōsus, a, um, adj. [fungus], full of holes, spongy, fungous: medulla, Col. 4, 29, 6: raphanus, Plin. 19, 5, 26, § 83: caro, id. 16, 6, 8, § 25: lingua, id. 23, 1, 24, § 49.
Comp.: harundo, Plin. 16, 36, 64, § 137.
Sup. and adv. do not occur.

fungŭlus, i, m. dim. [fungus], a small mushroom, Apic. 5, 2, § 190; 3, 20, § 107.

fungus, i, m. [for sfungus, kindred to σφόγγος, σπόγγος, the initial s suppressed as in fallo, fides, nurus, etc.; cf. funis, and v. the letter S.], a mushroom, moril, fungus.

  1. I. Lit.: satis esse nobis non magis hoc potis est quam imber fungo, Plaut. Stich. 5, 5, 33; Plin. 22, 23, 47, § 96; Hor. S. 2, 4, 20.
  2. II. Transf.
    1. A. A soft-pated fellow, a dolt: stulti, stolidi, fatui, fungi, bardi, blenni, buccones, Plaut. Bacch. 5, 1, 2; so id. ib. 2, 3, 49; 4, 7, 23.
    2. B. A fungous excrescence on the human body, Tert. Spect. 23; cf.: fungo simile ulcus, Cels. 6, 18, 11.
      On the olive-tree, Plin. 17, 24, 37, § 223.
    3. C. A collection of lamp-black on the wick of a candle or lamp, a candle-snuff, Verg. G. 1, 392.

fūnĭcŭla, ae, f. dim. [funis], = funiculus, q. v. Charis. 100 P.

fūnĭcŭlus, i, m. dim. [funis], a slender rope, a cord, Cic. Inv. 2, 51, 154; Plin. 17, 21, 35, § 66; Gell. 5, 3, 3; Quint. 1, 6, 6; Vulg. Exod. 35, 18.

fūnĭrēpus (fūnĕrēp-), i, m. [funisrepo, that climbs on a rope], a rope-dancer, = funambulus, App. Flor. p. 342, 18 and 32.

fūnis, is, m. (fem., Lucr. 2, 1154; ap. Gell. 13, 20, 21, and Non. 205, 22; cf. Quint. 1, 6, 6) [perh. for fudnis, root in Sanscr. bandh-, bind; cf. Gr. πεῖσμα, rope; kindr. with σχοῖνος], a rope, sheet, line, cord (syn.: restis, rudens): funes dicti, quod antea in usum luminis circumdati cera, unde et funalia, Isid. Orig. 19, 4; Cato, R. R. 135, 4; Varr. R. R. 1, 22; Caes. B. G. 3, 13, 5; 3, 14, 6; 4, 29, 3 al.; Plin. 16, 1, 1, § 4; Verg. A. 2, 262; Ov. M. 8, 777 et saep.: patiatur necesse est illam per funes ingredientium tarditatem, i. e. of the rope-dancers, Quint. 2, 14, 16.

    1. 2. Prov.
      1. a. Funem ducere or sequi, to lead or follow the rope, i. e. to command or serve (the fig. being most probably that of an animal led by a rope): imperat aut servit collecta pecunia cuique, Tortum digna sequi potius quam ducere funem, Hor. Ep. 1, 10, 48.
      2. b. Funem reducere, to pull back the rope, i. e. to change one’s mind, Pers. 5, 118.
      3. c. Funem in diversa distendere, to dispute pro and con, Tert. Pudic. 2; adv. Marc. 4.
      4. d. Ut, quod aiunt Graeci, ex incomprehensibili parvitate arenae funise effici non possit (Gr. ἐξἄμμου σχοινίον πλέκειν), to make a rope of sand, i. e. to perform the impossible, Col. 10 praef. § 4 fin.

fūnus, ĕris, n. [Sanscr. dhū-mas, smoke; v. fumus], a funeral procession, funeral rites, burial, funeral, usually with reference to the burning of the body; cf.: funus est jam ardens cadaver; quod dum portatur, exsequias dicimus; crematum, reliquias; conditum jam, sepulcrum, Serv. ad Verg. A. 2, 539 (freq. and class.).

  1. I. Lit.: funus, quo amici conveniunt ad exsequias cohonestandas, Cic. Quint. 15, 50; cf.: mater exsequias illius funeris prosecuta, id. Clu. 71, 201: funus innumeris exsequiis celebratum, Plin. 10, 43, 60, § 122: mercedem funeris ac sepulturae constituere, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 51, § 134: maeror funeris, id. Lael. 3, 11: cui acerbissimum funus ducitur, id. Quint. 15, 50; cf.: funus triumphali portā ducendum, Suet. Aug. 100: facere filio, Cic. Clu. 9, 28: celebrare, Liv. 8, 10, 10: ornare, Cic. Rep. 6, 2; Suet. Aug. 100: paterno funeri omnia justa solvere, Cic. Rosc. Am. 8, 23: funeri operam dare, id. Att. 15, 1, B, 1: venire in funus, id. ib.: pro ea copia quae Athenis erat, funus ei (Marcello) satis amplum faciendum curavi, Serv. ap. Cic. Fam. 4, 12, 3: funus militare alicui facere, Liv. 3, 43, 7; cf.: prodire (alicui) in funus, Ter. And. 1, 1, 88; Varr. R. R. 1, 69, 2: funere efferri, Cic. de Or. 2, 55, 225; Suet. Ner. 9; 30; 33: praetereunte funere, id. Tib. 57: corpus crematum publico funere, id. ib. 75: nec te in tua funera mater Produxi (= funus tuum duxi), Verg. A. 9, 486: funus imagines Ducant triumphales tuum, i. e. be borne at the head of the procession, Hor. Epod. 8, 11: sub ipsum funus, id. C. 2, 18, 18: statim a funere, Suet. Caes. 85.
    Comically: fecisti funus med absente prandio: Cur ausu’s facere, quoi ego adaeque heres eram? have buried, i. e. devoured it, Plaut. Men. 3, 2, 27.
    In plur.: funera agitant, exsequia ititant, Naev. 3, 9: nemo me lacrumis decoret, nec funera fletu Faxit, Enn. ap. Cic. Tusc. 1, 15, 34, and de Sen. 20, 73 (Epigr. 3, p. 162 Vahl.); poetically imitated by Cicero: linquamus amicis Maerorem, ut celebrent funera cum gemitu, Cic. poët. Tusc. 1, 49, 117: cum senatus auctoritatem suam in virorum fortium funeribus ornamentisque ostenderit, id. Phil. 9, 7, 16: edictum, quod de funeribus habeant (aediles curules), id. ib. § 17: tristia, Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 74: tria si concurrant foro, id. S. 1, 6, 43: justa reddere alicui, Plin. 10, 2, 2, § 4; Sil. 2, 184.
    1. B. Transf.
      1. 1. A dead body, corpse, = cadaver (poet.): haeccine parva meum funus arena teget? Prop. 1, 17, 8: lacerum, Verg. A. 9, 491.
        In plur., of a corpse, Val. Fl. 3, 298: mixta senum ac juvenum densentur funera, Hor. C. 1, 28, 19; of the manes of the departed: cum semel infernas intrarunt funera leges, Prop. 4 (5), 11, 3.
      2. 2. Death, esp. violent death, murder (mostly poet.): maturo propiorfuneri, Hor. C. 3, 15, 4: vicinum funus ut aegros Exanimat, id. S. 1, 4, 126: exstinctum Nymphae crudeli funere Daphnin Flebant, Verg. E. 5, 20: (quos) Abstulit atra dies, et funere mersit acerbo, id. A. 6, 429: qui patrios foedasti funere vultus, with murder, id. ib. 2, 539.
        Freq. in plur.: quae funera Turnus Ediderit, Verg. A. 9, 526; cf. id. ib. 10, 602; Hor. C. 1, 15, 10; 4, 14, 49; once in Cic., acc. to Nonius: ut vix hominum acerbis funeribus satietur, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 300, 26 (id. Rep. 2, 41 Mos.).
  2. II. Trop., destruction, ruin, fall (rare but class.): vir summā eloquentiā dixit graviter, casum illum meum funus esse rei publicae, sed funus justum et indictum, Cic. Prov. Cons. 19, 45: dum Capitolio Regina (Cleopatra) dementes ruinas Funus et imperio parabat, Hor. C. 1, 37, 8.
    In plur.: sub lacrimosa Trojae Funera, Hor. C. 1, 8, 15: pro dira pudoris funera, Luc. 4, 231.
    Also concr. of persons plotting destruction: Gabinium et Pisonem, duo rei publicae portenta ac paene funera, Cic. Prov. Cons. 1, 2.