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spŏlĭābĭlis, e, adj. [spolio], that can be stripped off (late Lat.), Mar. Mercat. Nestor Serm. 12, 2.

spŏlĭārĭum, ii, n. [spolium] (postAug.).

  1. I. Lit., a place in the amphitheatre where the clothes were stripped from the slain gladiators who were dragged thither, Sen. Ep. 93, 10; Lampr. Commod. 18, 3; 19, 3.
  2. II. Transf., a den of robbers or murderers, a cutthroat place, Sen. Prov. 3, 7; id. Contr. 5, 33; Plin. Pan. 36, 1.

spŏlĭātĭo, ōnis, f. [spolio], a pillaging, robbing, plundering, spoliation (class.).

  1. I. Lit.: in tantā spoliatione omnium rerum, Cic. Sest. 21, 47: sacrorum, Liv. 29, 8, 9.
    Plur.: spoliationes fanorum atque oppidorum, Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 59, § 132; id. Agr. 1, 3, 9.
  2. II. Trop.: consulatūs, Cic. Mur. 40, 87: dignitatis, id. Phil. 2, 11, 27.

spŏlĭātor, ōris, m. [spolio], a robber, pillager, plunderer, spoiler (rare but class.): eorum (monumentorum), * Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 36, § 80: templi, Liv. 29, 18, 15: pupilli, Juv. 1, 46.

spŏlĭātrix, īcis, f. [spoliator], she that robs, pillages, or spoils: Venus spoliatrix, * Cic. Cael. 21, 52: amica, Mart. 4, 29, 5.

spŏlĭātus, a, um, Part. and P. a. of spolio.

spŏlĭo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [spolium], to strip, to deprive of covering, rob of clothing.

  1. I. In gen. (rare but class.; syn. exuo): Phalarim vestitu spoliare, Cic. Off. 3, 6, 29: consules spoliari hominem et virgas expediri jubent, Liv. 2, 55 Drak.; cf. Cic. Verr. 2, 4, 40, § 86: Papirius spoliari magistrum equitum ac virgas et secures expediri jussit, Liv. 8, 32; cf. also, Val. Max. 2, 7, 8: corpus caesi hostis, Liv. 7, 26: cadaver, Luc. 7, 627: Gallum caesum torque, Liv. 6, 42: corpus jacentis uno torque, id. 7, 10: jacentem veste, Nep. Thras. 2, 6: folliculos leguminum, to strip off, Petr. 135.
  2. II. Pregn., to rob, plunder, pillage, spoil; to deprive, despoil; usually: aliquem (aliquid) aliquā re, to deprive or rob one of something (the predominant signif. of the word; syn. praedor).
          1. (α) With acc.: Chrysalus me miserum spoliavit, Plaut. Bacch. 5, 1, 8: meos perduelles, id. Ps. 2, 1, 8: spoliatis effossisque domibus, Caes. B. C. 3, 42 fin.: fana sociorum, Cic. Sull. 25, 71: delubra, Sall. C. 11, 6: templa, Luc. 3, 167; 5, 305: pars spoliant aras, Verg. A. 5, 661: deos, Luc. 1, 379; Quint. 6, 1, 3: spoliare et nudare monumenta antiquissima, Cic. Verr. 1, 5, 14: pudicitiam, id. Cael. 18, 42: dignitatem, id. ib. 2, 3: spoliata fortuna, id. Pis. 16, 38.
          2. (β) Aliquem (aliquid) aliquā re: spoliatur lumine terra, Lucr. 4, 377: caput, i. e. of hair, Petr. 108: spoliari fortunis, Cic. Planc. 9, 22: Apollonium omni argento spoliasti ac depeculatus es, id. Verr. 2, 4, 17, § 37: ut Gallia omni nobilitate spoliaretur, Caes. B. G. 5, 6: provinciam vetere exercitu, Liv. 40, 35: spoliata armis navis, Verg. A. 6, 353: magistro, id. ib. 5, 224: corpus spoliatum lumine, id. ib. 12, 935: Scylla sociis spoliavit Ulixen, Ov. M. 14, 71: penetralia donis, id. ib. 12, 246; 11, 514: te spoliare pudicā Conjuge, id. P. 4, 11, 8: ea philosophia, quae spoliat nos judicio, privat approbatione, omnibus orbat sensibus, Cic. Ac. 2, 19, 61: regem regno, id. Rep. 1, 42, 65: aliquem dignitate, id. Mur. 41, 88; Caes. B. G. 7, 66: probatum hominem famā, Cic. Off. 3, 19, 77: aliquem ornamento quodam, id. de Or. 2, 33, 144: aliquem vitā, Verg. A. 6, 168: spoliare atque orbare forum voce eruditā, Cic. Brut. 2, 6 et saep.: juris civilis scientiam, ornatu suo spoliare atque denudare, Cic. de Or. 1, 55, 235.
          3. * (γ) In a Greek construction: hiems spoliata capillos, stripped of his locks, Ov. M. 15, 213.
          4. (δ) Absol.: si spoliorum causā vis hominem occidere, spoliasti, Cic. Rosc. Am. 50, 145.
            Hence, * spŏlĭātus, a, um, P. a., plundered, despoiled: nihil illo regno spoliatius, more impoverished, Cic. Att. 6, 1, 4.

spŏlĭum, ii, n. [root spal- (skal-); cf.: populor, calamitas, calvus].

  1. I. Lit., the spoil of an animal, i. e. the skin or hide of an animal stripped off (so only poet. and very rare): pelles et spolia ferarum, Lucr. 5, 954: serpentum, id. 4, 62: leonis, Ov. M. 9, 113; 3, 81: apri, id. ib. 8, 426; id. H. 4, 100: pecudis (i. e. arietis Phrixei), id. ib. 6, 13; cf. id. M. 7, 156: viperei monstri (i. e. Medusae), id. ib. 4, 615.
  2. II. Transf., the arms or armor stripped from a defeated enemy; hence, in gen., any thing taken from the enemy, booty, prey, spoil (the predom. signif. of the word; usu. in plur.; cf.: exuviae, praeda): Salmacida spolia sine sudore et sanguine, Enn. ap. Cic. Off. 1, 18, 61 (Trag. v. 36 Vahl.): spolia ducis hostium caesi suspenso ferculo gerens in Capitolium ascendit ibique, Juppiter Feretri, inquit, haec tibi victor Romulus rex regia arma fero templumque dedico, sedem opimis spoliis, etc., Liv. 1, 10, 6 (v. opimus): spoliis decorata est regia fixis, Ov. M. 8, 154: spoliorum causā hominem occiderecruenta spolia detrahere, Cic. Rosc. Am. 50, 145 sq.: multa spolia praeferebantur, Caes. B. C. 2, 39: ad ejus spolia detrahenda, Cic. Sest. 24, 54: indutus spoliis, Verg. A. 10, 775: victores praedā Rutuli spoliisque potiti, id. ib. 9, 450; 4, 93: virtutis honor spoliis quaeratur in istis, Ov. M. 13, 153: insignis spoliis Marcellus opimis Ingreditur, Verg. A. 6, 855: spolia jacentis hostium exercitus peditibus concessit, Liv. 44, 45: Q. Fabius spolia ducis Gallorum legens, id. 5, 36; so, legere, id. 5, 39; 8, 7; 27, 2 al.: spolia et praedas ad procuratores referre, Tac. A. 12, 54 et saep.: (forum) exuviis nauticis et classium spoliis (i. e. rostris) ornatum, Cic. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55; cf. Flor. 1, 11, 10: navalia, Suet. Aug. 18 fin.: illud natura non patitur, ut aliorum spoliis nostras facultates, copias, opes augeamus, Cic. Off. 3, 5, 22; id. Rosc. Am. 3, 8: spoliis civium exstructa domus, Tac. A. 15, 52: (delatores) sacerdotia et consulatus et spolia adepti, id. H. 1, 2.
          1. (β) Sing.: quo nunc Turnus ovat spolio, Verg. A. 10, 500: Actoris Aurunci spolium, id. ib. 12, 94: Asiam, spolium regis Antiochi, recepi, Sall. H. 4, 61, 11 Dietsch; Suet. Caes. 64; Just. 19, 3: fert secum spolium sceleris, Ov. M. 8, 87: mendici spolium, a beggar’s rags, Petr. 13, 1.
            Poet., in gen., = arma, arms, Ov. M. 13, 153.