Lewis & Short

sisto, stĭti (Charis. p. 220, and Diom. p. 369, give steti for both sisto and sto, confining stiti to the compounds of both. But steti, as perfect of sisto, is late jurid. Lat., and perh. dub.; for steterant, Verg. A. 3, 110; steterint, id. ib. 3, 403; Liv. 8, 32, 12, belong to stare; cf. also Gell. 2, 14, 1 sqq.; and v. Neue, Formenl. 2, 461 sq.), stătum [root stă, strengthened by reduplication; cf. ἵστημι], used in two general senses, I. To cause to stand, place, = colloco, pono; II. To stand, be placed, = sto.

  1. I. Sistere, in gen., = collocare (in class. prose only in the partic. uses, v. A. 4. C. and D., infra).
    1. A. Causative, with acc.
      1. 1. To place = facere ut stet; constr. with in and abl., with abl. alone, and with ad, super, etc., and acc.: O qui me gelidis in vallibus Haemi Sistat, Verg. G. 2, 489: tertia lux classem Cretaeis sistet in oris, id. A. 3, 117 (classis stat; v. sto): inque tuo celerem litore siste gradum, Ov. H. 13, 102 (cf. infra, III. 2. A.): jaculum clamanti (al. clamantis) sistit in ore, plants the dart in his face, Verg. A. 10, 323: disponit quas in fronte manus, medio quas robore sistat, Stat. Th. 7, 393: (equum ligneum) sacratā sistimus arā, Verg. A. 2, 245: aeternis potius me pruinis siste, Stat. Th. 4, 395: ut stata (est) lux pelago, as soon as light was set (shone) on the sea, id. ib. 5, 476: victima Sistitur ante aras, Ov. M. 15, 132: quam (suem) Aeneas ubisistit ad aram, Verg. A. 8, 85: post haec Sistitur crater, Ov. M. 8, 669: vestigia in altero (monte) sisti (non posse), that no footprints can be placed (made) on the other mountain, Plin. 2, 96, 98, § 211: cohortes expeditas super caput hostium sistit, Tac. H. 3, 77; cf. id. A. 12, 13; Stat. Th. 4, 445; Sil. 4, 612.
      2. 2. To place, as the result of guidance or conveyance; hence, to convey, to send, lead, take, conduct to, = facere ut veniat; constr. with in and abl., with abl. alone, and with advv. of place: officio meo ripā sistetur in illā Haec, will be carried by me to, etc., Ov. M. 9, 109: terrā sistēre petitā, id. ib. 3, 635: (vos) facili jam tramite sistam, Verg. A. 6, 676: ut eum in Syriā aut Aegypto sisterent orabat, to convey him to, Tac. H. 2, 9.
        So with hic (= in with abl.) or huc (= in with acc.): hic siste patrem, Sen. Phoen. 121: Annam huc siste sororem, Verg. A. 4, 634.
      3. 3. To place an army in order of battle, draw up, = instruere: aciem in litore sistit, Verg. A. 10, 309; cf.: sistere tertiam decimam legionem in ipso aggere jubet, Tac. H. 3, 21.
      4. 4. Se sistere = to betake one’s self, to present one’s self, to come (so twice in Cicero’s letters): des operam, id quod mihi affirmasti, ut te ante Kal. Jan., ubicumque erimus, sistas, Cic. Att. 3, 25: te vegetum nobis in Graeciā sistas, id. ib. 10, 16, 6 (cf. infra, E.): hic dea se primum rapido pulcherrima nisu Sistit, Verg. A. 11, 853.
      5. 5. With two acc. (cf.: praesto, reddo) = to cause to be in a certain condition, to place, etc.; often with dat. of interest (ante- and post-class., and poet.; cf. supra, 4.): ego vos salvos sistam, I will place you in safety, see you to a safe place, Plaut. Rud. 4, 4, 5: omnia salva sistentur tibi, all will be returned to you in good order, id. ib. 5, 3, 3; so, suam rem sibi salvam sistam, id. Poen. 5, 2, 123; cf.: rectius tacitas tibi res sistam, quam quod dictum est mutae mulieri, will keep your secrets, id. ib. 4, 2, 54: neque (dotem) incolumem sistere illi, et detraxe autument, that you deliver it entire to her, id. Trin. 3, 3, 15: cum te reducem aetas prospera sistet, Cat. 64, 238: tu modo servitio vacuum me siste (= praesta) superbo, set me free from, Prop. 4, 16 (3, 17), 42: tutum patrio te limine sistam, will see you safe home, Verg. A. 2, 620: praedā onustos triumphantesque mecum domos reduces sistatis, Liv. 29, 27, 3 Weissenb. ad loc.: Pelasgis siste levem campum, Stat. Th. 8, 328: modo se isdem in terris victorem sisterent, Tac. A. 2, 14: operā tuā sistas hunc nobis sanum atque validum, give him back to us, safe and sound, Gell. 18, 10, 7: ita mihi salvam ac sospitem rempublicam sistere in suā sede liceat, Aug. ap. Suet. Aug. 28.
        1. b. Neutr, with double nom., = exsistere, to be, to become: judex extremae sistet vitaeque necisque, he will become a judge, etc., Manil. 4, 548 (dub.): tempora quod sistant propriis parentia signis, id. 3, 529 (dub.; al. sic stant; cf. infra, II.).
    2. B. As neuter verb, to stand, rest, be placed, lie (poet.); constr. like sto: ne quis mihi obstiterit obviam, nam qui obstiterit, ore sistet, will lie on his face, Plaut. Capt. 4, 2, 13 Brix ad loc.: (nemo sit) tantā gloriāquin cadat, quin capite sistat, will be placed or stand on his head, id. Curc. 2, 3, 8: ibi crebro, credo, capite sistebant cadi, id. Mil. 3, 2, 36 Lorenz (Brix, hoc illi crebro capite): ipsum si quicquam posse in se sistere credis, to rest upon itself, Lucr. 1, 1057: neque posse in terrā sistere terram, nor can the earth rest upon itself, id. 2, 603: at conlectus aquaequi lapides inter sistit per strata viarum, id. 4, 415: incerti quo fata ferant, ubi sistere detur, to rest, to stay, Verg. A. 3, 7; cf.: quaesitisque diu terris, ubi sistere detur, Ov. M. 1, 307.
    3. C. As jurid. term.
      1. 1. In both a causative and neuter sense = to produce in court, or to appear in court after being bound over by the judge or by promise to the adversary (vadimonium); constr. either absol. or with the dat. of the adversary to whom the promise is made (alicui sisti), to appear upon somebody’s demand; also, in judicio sisti. The present active is either used reflexively (se sistere = to appear), or with a transitive object (sistere aliquem = to produce in court one in whose behalf the promise has been made). The present passive, sisti, sistendus, sistitur, = to appear or to be produced. The perfect act., stiti, stitisse, rarely the perfect passive, status sum, = to have appeared, I appeared. So in all periods of the language: cum autem in jus vocatus fuerit adversarius, ni eo die finitum fuerit negotium, vadimonium ei faciendum est, id est ut promittat se certo die sisti, Gai. 4, 184: fit ut Alfenus promittat, Naevio sisti Quinctium, that Quinctius would be forthcoming upon Naevius’s complaint, Cic. Quint. 21, 67; cf. id. ib. 8, 30 (v. infra, B.): testificatur, P. Quinctium non stitisse, et se stitisse, id. ib. 6, 25: quin puellam sistendam promittat (= fore ut puella sistatur in judicio), Liv. 3, 45, 3: interrogavit quisquam, in quem diem locumque vadimonium promitti juberet, et Scipio manum ad ipsam oppidi, quod obsidebatur, arcem protendens: Perendie sese sistant illo in loco, Gell. 7, 1, 10: si quis quendam in judicio sisti promiserit, in eādem causā eum debet sistere, Dig. 2, 11, 11: si servum in eādem causā sistere promiserit, et liber factus sistatur, … non recte sistitur, ib. 2, 9, 5: sed si statu liberum sisti promissum sit, in eādem causā sisti videtur, quamvis liber sistatur, ib. 2, 9, 6: cum quis in judicio sisti promiserit, neque adjecerit poenam si status non esset, ib. 2, 6, 4: si quis in judicio secundum suam promissionem non stitit, ib. 2, 11, 2, § 1; cf. ib. 2, 5, 1; 2, 8, 2; 2, 11, 2, § 3.
      2. 2. Vadimonium sistere, to present one’s self in court, thus keeping the solemn engagement (vadimonium) made to that effect; lit., to make the vadimonium stand, i. e. effective, opp. deserere vadimonium = not to appear, to forfeit the vadimonium. The phrase does not occur in the jurists of the Pandects, the institution of the vadimonium being abolished by Marcus Aurelius. It is found in the following three places only: quid si vadimonium capite obvoluto stitisses? Cat. ap. Gell. 2, 14, 1: ut Quinctium sisti Alfenus promitteret. Venit Romam Quinctius; vadimonium sistit, Cic. Quint. 8, 30: ut nullum illa stiterit vadimonium sine Attico, Nep. Att. 9; Gai. 4, 185; cf. diem sistere under status, P. a. infra.
    4. D. Transf., out of judicial usage, in gen., = to appear or present one’s self, quasi ex vadimonio; constr. absol. or with dat. of the person entitled to demand the appearance: ubi tu es qui me vadatus’s Veneriis vadimoniis? Sisto ego tibi me, et mihi contra itidem ted ut sistas suadeo (of a lover’s appointment), Plaut. Curc. 1, 3, 5; so, tibi amatorem illum alacrem vadimonio sistam, produce, App. M. 9, p. 227, 14: nam promisimus carnufici aut talentum magnum, aut hunc hodie sistere, Plaut. Rud. 3, 4, 73: vas factus est alter ejus sistendi, ut si ille non revertisset, moriendum esset sibi, Cic. Off. 3, 10, 45.
    5. E. Fana sistere, acc. to Festus anciently used, either = to place (secure and fix places for) temples in founding a city, or to place the couches in the lectisternia: sistere fana, cum in urbe condendā dicitur, significat loca in oppido futurorum fanorum constituere: quamquam Antistius Labeo, in commentario XV. juris pontificii ait fana sistere esse lectisternia certis locis et diebus habere, Fest. p. 267 Lind. To this usage Plaut. perh. alludes: apud illas aedis sistendae mihi sunt sycophantiae, the place about that house I must make the scene of my tricks, Plaut. Trin. 4, 2, 25.
  2. F. Sistere monumenta, etc., or sistere alone, to erect statues, etc. (= statuere; post-class. and rare; mostly in Tac.): ut apud Palatium effigies eorum sisteret, Tac. A. 15, 72: cum Augustus sibi templum sisti non prohibuisset, id. ib. 4 37: at Romae tropaea de Parthis arcusque sistebantur, id. ib. 15, 18: monuere uttemplum iisdem vestigiis sisteretur, id. H. 4, 53: sistere monumenta, Aus. Ep. 24, 55: Ast ego teCarthaginis arce Marmoreis sistam templis (cf. ἱστάναι τινά), Sil. 8, 231; v. statuo.
  3. II. Sistere = to cause what is tottering or loose to stand firm, to support or fasten; and neutr., to stand firm.
    1. A. Causative (rare; perh. not in class. prose) = stabilire: sucusmobilis (dentes) sistit, Plin. 20, 3, 8, § 15; and trop.: hic (Marcellus) rem Romanam magno turbante tumultu Sistet (cf.: respublica stat; v. sto), Verg. A. 6, 858; cf.: non ita civitatem aegram esse, ut consuetis remediis sisti posset, Liv. 3, 20, 8 (where sisti may be impers.; v. infra, III. C.).
    2. B. Neutr., to stand firm, to last, = stare: nec mortale genus, nec divum corpora sancta Exiguom possent horai sistere tempus, Lucr. 1, 1016: qui rem publicam sistere negat posse, nisi ad equestrem ordinem judicia referantur, Cotta ap. Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 96, § 223.
      1. 2. Neutr., to stand firm, to resist: nec quicquam Teucros Sustentare valet telis, aut sistere contra, Verg. A. 11, 873; so with dat. = resistere: donec Galba, inruenti turbae neque aetate neque corpore sistens, sella levaretur, Tac. H. 1, 35; cf. sisti = resistere, III. B. 1. f. infra.
  4. III. Sistere = to stand still, and to cause to stand still.
    1. A. Neutr. = stare (rare; in Varr., Tac., and the poets).
        1. a. To stand still: solstitium dictum est quod sol eo die sistere videatur, Varr. L. L. 5, p. 53 (Bip.): sistunt amnes, Verg. G. 1, 479: incurrit, errat, sistit, Sen. Herc. Oet. 248.
        2. b. To remain, stop: Siste! Quo praeceps ruis? Sen. Thyest. 77; id. Oedip. 1050: vis tu quidem istum intra locum sistere? will you remain in that position? Tac. A. 4, 40.
        3. c. Trop., to stop, not to go any farther: depunge, ubi sistam, Pers. 6, 79: nec in Hectore tracto sistere, to stop at the dragging of Hector, Stat. Achill. 1, 7.
        4. d. To cease (dub.): hactenus sistat nefaspius est, if his crime ceases here, he will be pious, Sen. Thyest. 744 (perh. act., to stop, end).
    2. B. Causative (not ante-Aug.; freq. in Tac., Plin., and the poets).
      1. 1. To arrest, stop, check an advancing motion.
        1. a. With gradum: plano sistit uterque gradum, arrest their steps, Prop. 5 (4), 10, 36; Verg. A. 6, 465: siste properantem gradum, Sen. Herc. Fur. 772: repente sistunt gradum, Curt. 4, 6, 14.
          With pedem, Ov. R. Am. 80.
        2. b. With fugam, to stop, stay, check, stem, arrest the flight: fugam foedam siste, Liv. 1, 12, 5: si periculo suo fugam sistere posset, id. 30, 12, 1; so Curt. 8, 14, 37; 4, 16, 2; 8, 3, 2; Tac. A. 12, 39.
        3. c. Of vehicles, horses, etc.: esseda siste, Prop. 2, 1, 76: equos, Verg. A. 12, 355: quadrijugos, Stat. Achill. 2, 429; so id. Th. 5, 364.
        4. d. With iter, to arrest the advance of an army, to halt: exercitus iter sistit, Tac. H. 3, 50.
        5. e. With bellum, to halt (cf. infra, D.): Aquilejae sisti bellum expectarique Mucianum jubebat, Tac. H. 3, 8.
        6. f. Of living objects, in gen.
          1. (α) To arrest their course, make them halt: aegre coercitam legionem Bedriaci sistit, Tac. H. 2, 23: festinantia sistens Fata, staying the hurrying Fates, Stat. S. 3, 4, 24.
            So, se sistere with ab, to desist from: non prius se ab effuso cursu sistunt, Liv. 6, 29, 3; hence, to arrest by wounding, i. e. to wound or kill: aliquem cuspide, Sil. 1, 382; 1, 163; so, cervum vulnere sistere, id. 2, 78.
          2. (β) To stop a hostile attack of persons, to resist them, ward them off: ut non sisterent modo Sabinas legiones, sed in fugam averterent, Liv. 1, 37, 3: ibi integrae vires sistunt invehentem se jam Samnitem, id. 10, 14, 18: nec sisti vis hostium poterat, Curt. 5, 3, 11: nec sisti poterant scandentes, Tac. H. 3, 71; 5, 21.
        7. g. Trop., to stop the advance of prices: pretia augeri in dies, nec mediocribus remediis sisti posse, Tac. A. 3, 52.
      2. 2. To arrest the motion of fluids.
        1. a. Of water: sistere aquam fluviis, Verg. A. 4, 489: amnis, siste parumper aquas, Ov. Am. 3, 6, 2: quae concita flumina sistunt, id. M. 7, 154: sistito infestum mare, calm, Sen. Agam. 523; cf. Ov. M. 7, 200; id. H. 6, 87; Plin. 28, 8, 29, § 118.
        2. b. Of blood and secretions: (ea) quibus sistitur sanguis parari jubet, Tac. A. 15, 54: sanguinem, Plin. 20, 7, 25, § 59; 28, 18, 73, § 239; 27, 4, 5, § 18: haemorrhoidum abundantiam, id. 27, 4, 5, § 19: fluctiones, id. 20, 8, 27, § 71, 34, 10, 23, § 105; 35, 17, 57, § 195: nomas, id. 30, 13, 39, § 116; 24, 16, 94, § 151: mensis, id. 23, 6, 60, § 112: vomitiones, id. 20, 20, 81, § 213: alvum bubus, id. 18, 16, 42, § 143: alvum, stop the bowels, id. 23, 6, 60, § 113; 22, 25, 59, § 126; 20, 5, 18, § 37: ventrem, id. 20, 23, 96, § 256; Mart. 13, 116.
      3. 3. To arrest the motion of life, make rigid: ille oculos sistit, Stat. Th. 2, 539.
      4. 4. To end, put an end to (= finem facere alicui rei); pass., to cease: querelas, Ov. M. 7, 711: fletus, id. ib. 14, 835: lacrimas, id. F. 1, 367; 480; 6, 154: minas, id. Tr. 1, 2, 60: opus, id. H. 16 (17), 266; id. M. 3, 153: labores, id. ib. 5, 490: furorem, Stat. Th. 5, 663: furialem impetum, Sen. Med. 157; id. Agam. 203: pace tamen sisti bellum placet, Ov. M. 14, 803: antequam summa dies spectacula sistat, id. F. 4, 387: sitim sistere, to allay, id. P. 3, 1, 18: nec primo in limine sistit conatus scelerum, suppresses, Stat. S. 5, 2, 86: ruinas, to stop destruction, Plin. Pan. 50, 4: ventum, to ward off, turn the wind, id. Ep. 2, 17, 17; (motus terrae) non ante quadraginta dies sistuntur, = desinunt, Plin. 2, 82, 84, § 198.
      5. 5. Sistere with intra = to confine, keep within: transgresso jam Alpes Caecina, quem sisti intra Gallias posse speraverant, Tac. H. 2, 11: dum populatio lucem intra sisteretur, provided the raids were confined to day-time, id. A. 4, 48.
    3. C. Impers. and trop., to arrest or avoid an impending misfortune, or to stand, i. e. to endure; generally in the form sisti non potest (more rarely: sisti potest) = it cannot be endured, a disaster cannot be avoided or met (once in Plaut.; freq. in Liv.; sometimes in Tac.; cf., in gen., Brix ad Plaut. Trin. 720; Drak. ad Liv. 3, 16, 4; Weissenb. ad Liv. 2, 29, 8; Gronov. ad Liv. 4, 12, 6; Beneke ad Just. 11, 1, 6).
      1. 1. Without a subject, res or a noun of general import being understood: quid ego nunc agam, nisi ut clipeum ad dorsum accommodem, etc.? Non sisti potest, it is intolerable, Plaut. Trin. 3, 2, 94: totam plebem aere alieno demersam esse, nec sisti posse nisi omnibus consulatur, Liv. 2, 29, 8: si domestica seditio adiciatur, sisti non posse, the situation will be desperate, id. 45, 19, 3: si quem similem priore anno dedissent, non potuisse sisti, id. 3, 9, 8: vixque concordiā sisti videbatur, that the crisis could scarcely be met, even by harmonious action, id. 3, 16, 4: qualicunque urbis statu, manente disciplinā militari sisti potuisse, these evils were endurable, id. 2, 44, 10: exercitum gravi morbo affectari, nec sisti potuisse ni, etc., it would have ended in disaster, if not, etc., id. 29, 10, 1: qui omnes populi si pariter deficiant, sisti nullo modo posse, Just. 11, 1, 6 Gronov. ad loc.; cf. Liv. 3, 20, 8 supra, II. A. 1.
        Rarely with a subject-clause understood: nec jam sisti poterat, and it was no longer tolerable, i. e. that Nero should disgrace himself, etc., Tac. A. 14, 14.
      2. 2. Rarely with quin, to prevent etc. (pregn., implying also the stopping of something; cf. supra, III. B. 1.): neque sisti potuit quin et palatium et domus et cuncta circum haurirentur (igni), Tac. A. 15, 39.
        Hence, stătus, a, um, P. a., as attribute of nouns, occurs in several conventional phrases, as relics of archaic usage.
    1. A. Status (condictusve) dies cum hoste, in the XII. Tables, = a day of trial fixed by the judge or agreed upon with the adversary; esp., a peregrinus (= hostis), Cic. Off. 1, 12, 37. It presupposes a phrase, diem sistere, prob. = vadimonium sistere (v. supra, I. C. 2.). Such an appointment was an excuse from the most important public duties, even for soldiers from joining the army, Cinc. ap. Gell. 16, 4, 4.
      Hence, transf.: si status condictus cum hoste intercedit dies, tamen est eundum quo imperant, i. e. under all circumstances we must go, Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 5.
    2. B. In certain phrases, appointed, fixed, regular (cf. statutus, with which it is often confounded in MSS.): status dies: tres in anno statos dies habere quibus, etc., Liv. 39, 13, 8: stato loco statisque diebus, id. 42, 32, 2; so id. 5, 52, 2; 27, 23 fin.: stato lustri die, Sen. Troad. 781: status sacrificii dies, Flor. 1, 3, 16: statum tempus, statā vice, etc.: lunae defectio statis temporibus fit, Liv. 44, 37 init.; so id. 28, 6, 10: stato tempore, Tac. A. 12, 13; id. H. 4, 81; Plin. 11, 37, 65, § 173: stata tempora (partus), Stat. Achill. 2, 673: adeo in illā plagā mundus statas vices temporum mutat, Curt. 8, 19, 13; so id. 9, 9, 9; 5, 1, 23; so, feriae, etc.: feriae statae appellabantur quod certo statutoque die observarentur, Paul. ex Fest. p. 69 Lind.: stata quinquennia, Stat. S. 5, 3, 113: stata sacra or sacrificia: stata sacrificia sunt quae certis diebus fieri debent, Fest. p. 264 Lind.: proficiscuntur Aeniam ad statum sacrificium, Liv. 40, 4, 9; 23, 35, 3; 5, 46, 2; 39, 13, 8; Cic. Mil. 17, 45: solemne et statum sacrificium (al. statutum), id. Tusc. 1, 47, 113; so Liv. 23, 35, 3: stata sacra, Ov. F. 2, 528; Stat. Th. 1, 666: stata foedera, id. ib. 11, 380: status flatus, Sen. Ben. 4, 28: stati cursus siderum, Plin. 18, 29, 69, § 291 (different: statae stellae = fixed stars, Censor. D. N. 8, belonging to II. 2. supra): statae febres, intermittent fevers, returning regularly, Plin. 28, 27, 28, § 107.
    3. C. Moderate, average, normal: inter enim pulcherrimam feminam et deformissimam media forma quaedam est, quae et a nimio pulcritudinis periculo et a summo deformitatis odio vacat, qualis a Q. Ennio perquam eleganti vocabulo stata dicitur … Ennius autem eas fere feminas ait incolumi pudicitia esse quae statā formā forent, Gell. 5, 11, 12-14 (v. Enn. Trag. p. 133 Vahl.).

1. stătus, a, um, v. sisto.

2. stătus, ūs, m. [sto and sisto].

  1. I. In a corporeal sense.
    1. A. Mode or way of standing, of holding one’s body (at rest), posture, position, attitude, station, carriage; sing. and plur.: Ps. Statur hic ad hunc modum. Si. Statum vide hominis, Callipho, quasi basilicum, look at the way he stands, Plaut. Ps. 1, 5, 41: stat in statu senex ut adoriatur moechum, in an attitude of attack, ready, id. Mil. 4, 9, 12: concrepuit digitis, laborat; crebro conmutat status, his posture, id. ib. 2, 2, 51: qui esset status (videre vellem) flabellulum tenere te asinum tantum, what your attitude was, what figure you cut, in holding the fan, Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 50: in gestu status (oratoris erit) erectus et celsus, rarus incessus, attitude, Cic. Or. 18, 59: status quidem rectus sit, sed diducti paulum pedes, Quint. 11, 3, 159: abesse plurimum a saltatore debet oratornon effingere status quosdam, et quidquid dicet ostendere, id. 11, 3, 89: ut recta sint bracchia, ne indoctae rusticaeve manus, ne status indecorus, id. 1, 11, 16: stare solitus Socrates diciturimmobilis, iisdem in vestigiis, Gell. 2, 1, 2: dumque silens astat, status est vultusque diserti, Ov. P. 2, 5, 51: statum proeliantis componit, Petr. 95 fin.
      So of the pose of statues: non solum numerum signorum, sed etiam uniuscujusque magnitudinem, figuram, statum litteris definiri vides, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 21, § 57: expedit saepe, ut in statuis atque picturis videmus, variari habitus, vultus, status, Quint. 2, 13, 8: ut illo statu Chabrias sibi statuam fieri voluerit. Ex quo factum est ut postea athletae his statibus in statuis ponendis uterentur, Nep. Chabr. 1, 3.
      And of images in a dream: ubi prima (imago somni) perit, alioque est altera nata inde statu, prior hic gestum mutasse videtur, Lucr. 4, 772: (opp. motus, incessus) quorum (iratorum) vultus, voces, motus statusque mutantur, motions and postures, Cic. Off. 1, 29, 102: decorum istud in corporis motu et statu cernitur, id. ib. 1, 35, 126: habitus oris et vultūs, status, motus, id. Fin. 3, 17, 56; 5, 17, 47: in quibus si pecceturmotu statuve deformi, id. ib. 5, 12, 35: eo erant vultu, oratione, omni reliquo motu et statu, ut, etc., id. Tusc. 3, 22, 53: status, incessus, sessio, accubatioteneat illud decorum, id. Off. 1, 35, 129: in pedibus observentur status et incessus, the posture and gait, Quint. 11, 3, 124.
    2. B. Of external appearance, manners, dress, and apparel: quoniam formam hujus cepi in me et statum, decet et facta moresque hujus habere me similis item, Plaut. Am. 1, 1, 111: redegitque se ad pallium et crepidas, atque in tali statu biennio fere permansit, Suet. Tib. 13.
    3. C. Size, height, stature of living and inanimate beings (cf. statura; post-Aug.): pumilionem, quos natura brevi statu peractos, etc., Stat. S. 1, 6, 58: longissimumaratorem faciemus; mediastenus qualiscunque status potest esse, Col. 1, 9, 3: in gallinaceis maribus status altior quaeritur, id. 8, 2, 9; so id. 7, 9, 2; 7, 12 med.: plantae majoris statūs, Pall. Febr. 25, 20.
    4. D. A position, place, in the phrase de statu movere, deicere, or statum conturbare, to displace, drive out, eject, expel, throw from a position (esp. of battle and combat): equestrem procellam excitemus oportet, si turbare ac statu movere (hostes) volumus, Liv. 30, 18, 14: nihil statu motus, cum projecto prae se clipeo staret, in praesidio urbis moriturum serespondit, id. 38, 25: Manlius scutum scuto percussit atque statum Galli conturbavit (cf. the next sentence: atque de loco hominem iterum dejecit), Claud. Quadrig. ap. Gell. 9, 13, 16.
      So, out of the military sphere, in order to avoid an attack: ea vis estquae, periculo mortis injecto, formidine animum perterritum loco saepe et certo de statu demovet, Cic. Caecin. 15, 42.
      Transf., of mental position, conviction, argument, etc.: saepe adversarios de statu omni dejecimus, Cic. Or. 37, 129: voluptas quo est major, eo magis mentem e suā sede et statu demovet, throws the mind off its balance, id. Par. 1, 3, 15.
      Similarly: de statu deducere, recedere, from one’s position or principles: fecerunt etiam ut me prope de vitae meae statu deducerent, ut ego istum accusarem, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 4, § 10: neque de statu nobis nostrae dignitatis est recedendum, neque sine nostris copiis in alterius praesidia veniendum, id. Att. 1, 20, 2.
      So, de statu suo declinare = moveri: neque dubito quin, suspitione aliquā perculsi repentinā, de statu suo declinarint, i. e. became unsettled, Cic. Clu. 38, 106: qui cum me firmissimis opibusmunire possim, quamvis excipere fortunam malui quamde meo statu declinare, than abandon my position, id. Prov. Cons. 17, 41; cf. of the position of heavenly bodies: qui eodem statu caeli et stellarum nati sunt, aspect, id. Div. 2, 44, 92.
  2. II. Trop., condition, state, position, situation, circumstances.
    1. A. Of persons, condition in regard to public rights, political or civil status, any loss of which was a capitis deminutio (v. caput): capitis minutio est statūs permutatio, Gai. Dig. 4, 5, 1; id. Inst. 1, 159; cf. Dig. 4, 5, 11: quo quisque loco nostrum est natushunc vitae statum usque ad senectutem obtinere debet, Cic. Balb. 7, 18: ad quem proscripti confluebant. Quippe nullum habentibus statum quilibet dux erat idoneus, with regard to the civil death of the proscribed, Vell. 2, 72, 5: illorum salus omnibus accepta fuitquia tam grati exoptatum libertatis statum recuperaverint, Val. Max. 5, 26: si statu periclitari litigator videtur, if his civil status seems in peril, Quint. 6, 1, 36: nec ulla tam familiaris est infelicibus patria quam solitudo et prioris statūs oblivio, i. e. the status of full citizenship, lost by banishment, Curt. 5, 5, 11: permanent tamen in statu servitutis, Suet. Gram. 21: vetuit quaeri de cujusquam defunctorum statu, id. Tit. 8 fin.: multorum excisi status, Tac. A. 3, 28: qui illegitime concipiuntur, statum sumunt ex eo tempore quo nascuntur, i. e. whether freemen or slaves, etc., Gai. Inst. 1, 89: cum servus manumittitur: eo die enim incipit statum habere, a civil status, Dig. 4, 5, 4: homo liber qui se vendidit, manumissus non ad suum statum revertitur, sed efficitur libertinae condicionis, i. e. that of an ingenuus, ib. 1, 5, 21: primo de personarum statu dicemus, civil status, ib. 1, 5, 2; so Titin. 5: de statu hominum (sometimes status used in the jurists absolutely with reference to freedom and slavery): si status controversiam cui faciat procurator, sive ex servitute in libertatem, etc., Dig. 3, 3, 39, § 5; so ib. 3, 3, 33, § 1.
      Similarly in the later jurists: status suus = aetas XXV. annorum, years of discretion: cum ad statum suum frater pervenisset, Dig. 31, 1, 77, § 19.
      1. 2. Condition and position with reference to rank, profession, trade, occupation, social standing, reputation, and character: an tibi vis inter istas vorsarier prosedasquae tibi olant stabulum statumque? their trade, Plaut. Poen. 1, 2, 59: quod in civitatibus agnationibus familiarum distinguuntur status, the ranks of the families, Cic. Leg. 1, 7, 23: regum status decemviris donabantur, the rank of kings was assigned to the decemvirs, id. Agr. 1, 1, 2: cum alii rem ipsam publicam atque hunc bonorum statum odissent, the social position of the higher classes, id. Sest. 20, 46: non ut aliquid ex pristino statu nostro retineamus, id. Fam. 4, 4, 1: ecquis umquam tam ex amplo statu concidit? id. Att. 3, 10, 2: non enim jam quam dignitatem, quos honores, quem vitae statum amiserim cogito, id. ib. 10, 4, 1: quam (statuam) esse ejusdem status amictus, anulus, imago ipsa declarat, id. ib. 1, 1, 17: praesidium petebamus ex potentissimi viri benevolentiā ad omnem statum nostrae dignitatis, id. Q. Fr. 3, 8, 1: noster autem status est hic: apud bonos iidem sumus quos reliquisti, apud sordem, etc., id. Att. 1, 16, 11: ego me non putem tueri meum statum ut neque offendam animum cujusquam, nec frangam dignitatem meam? maintain my character, id. Fam. 9, 16, 6: quos fortuna in amplissimo statu (i. e. regum) collocarat, Auct. Her. 4, 16, 23: tantam in eodem homine varietatem status, high and low position in life, ups and downs, Val. Max. 6, 9, 4: cum classiarios quos Nero ex remigibus justos milites fecerat, redire ad pristinum statum cogeret, Suet. Galb. 12: quaedam circa omnium ordinum statum correxit, id. Claud. 22: cum redieritis in Graeciam, praestabo ne quis statum suum vestro credat esse meliorem, social position, Curt. 5, 5, 22: omnis Aristippum decuit color et status et res, Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 23.
      2. 3. Condition in reference to prosperity, happiness or unhappiness, and health (mostly poet. and post-Aug.): at iste non dolendi status non vocatur voluptas, Cic. Fin. 2, 9, 28: neque hic est Nunc status Aurorae meritos ut poscat honores, Ov. M. 13, 594: flebilis ut noster status est, ita flebile carmen, id. Tr. 5, 1, 5: quid enim status hic a funere differt? id. P. 2, 3, 3: pejor ab admonitu fit status iste boni, id. ib. 1, 2, 54: his enim quorum felicior in domo status fuerat, Val. Max. 6, 8, 7: sin nostros status sive proximorum ingenia contemplemur, id. 6, 9 pr.: caelum contemplare: vix tamen ibi talem statum (i. e. felicitatis deorum) reperias, id. 7, 1, 1: haec quidem (vox) animi magnifici et prosperi status (fuit), id. 6, 5, ext. 4: obliti statūs ejus quem beneficio exuistis meo, Curt. 10, 2, 22: sumus in hoc tuo statu iidem qui florente te fuimus, i. e. distress, id. 5, 11, 5: res magna et ex beatissimo animi statu profecta, Sen. Ep. 81, 21: voverat, si sibi incolumis status (of health) permisisset, proditurum sehydraulam, Suet. Ner. 54.
      3. 4. Condition, circumstances, in gen., of life or of the mind: homines hoc uno plurimum a bestiis differunt quod rationem habent, mentemque quaeomnem complectatur vitae consequentis statum, Cic. Fin. 2, 14, 45: facias me certiorem et simul de toto statu tuo consiliisque omnibus, id. Fam. 7, 10, 3: tibi declaravi adventus noster qualis fuisset, et quis esset status, id. Att. 4, 2, 1: quid enim ego laboravi, sinihil consecutus sum ut in eo statu essem quem neque fortunae temeritas, neque, etc., labefactaret, id. Par. 2, 17: sed hoc videant ii qui nulla sibi subsidia ad omnes vitae status paraverunt, id. Fam. 9, 6, 4: atque is quidem qui cuncta composuit constanter in suo manebat statu (transl. of ἔμεινεν ἐν τῷ ἑαυτοῦ κατὰ τρόπον ἤθει, Plat. Tim. p. 42, c. Steph.), in his own state, being, Cic. Tim. 13: vitae statum commutatum ferre non potuit, Nep. Dion, 4, 4: id suis rebus tali in statu saluti fore, Curt. 5, 1, 5: haec sunt fulmina quae prima accepto patrimonio et in novi hominis aut urbis statu fiunt, in any new condition (when a stroke of lightning was considered an omen), Sen. Q. N. 2, 47.
        Rarely of a state: libere hercle hoc quidem. Sed vide statum (i. e. ebrietatis), Plaut. Ps. 5, 2, 4.
        Esp., in augury: fulmen status, a thunderbolt sent to one who is not expecting a sign, as a warning or suggestion, = fulmen monitorium: status est, ubi quietis nec agitantibus quidquam nec cogitantibus fulmen intervenit, Sen. Q. N. 2, 39, 2.
    2. B. Of countries, communities, etc., the condition of society, or the state, the public order, public affairs.
      1. 1. In gen.: Siciliam ita vexavit ac perdidit ut ea restitui in antiquum statum nullo modo possit, Cic. Verr. 1, 4, 12: nunc in eo statu civitas est ut omnes idem de re publicā sensuri esse videantur, id. Sest. 50, 106: omnem condicionem imperii tui statumque provinciae mihi demonstravit Tratorius, id. Fam. 12, 23, 1; so id. ib. 13, 68, 1: mihi rei publicae statum per te notum esse voluisti, id. ib. 3, 11, 4; so, status ipse nostrae civitatis, id. ib. 5, 16, 2: non erat desperandum fore aliquem tolerabilem statum civitatis, id. Phil. 13, 1, 2: sane bonum rei publicae genus, sed tamen inclinatum et quasi pronum ad perniciosissimum statum, id. Rep. 2, 26, 48: aliquo, si non bono, at saltem certo statu civitatis, id. Fam. 9, 8, 2: ex hoc qui sit status totius rei publicae videre potes, id. Q. Fr. 1, 2, 5, § 15: ex eodem de toto statu rerum communium cognosces, id. Fam. 1, 8, 1: tamen illa, quae requiris, suum statum tenent, nec melius, si tu adesses, tenerent, id. ib. 6, 1, 1: non illi nos de unius municipis fortunis arbitrantur, sed de totius municipii statu, dignitate, etc., sententias esse laturos, id. Clu. 69, 196: ego vitam omnium civium, statum orbis terraeredemi, id. Sull. 11, 33: Ti. Gracchum mediocriter labefactantem statum rei publicae, id. Cat. 1, 1, 3: eo tum statu res erat ut longe principes haberentur Aedui, Caes. B. G. 6, 12, 9: cum hoc in statu res esset, Liv. 26, 5, 1; so id. 32, 11, 1: eam regiam servitutem (civitatis) collatam cum praesenti statu praeclaram libertatem visam, id. 41, 6, 9: statum quoque civitatis ea victoria firmavit ut jam inde res inter se contrahere auderent, i. e. commercial prosperity, id. 27, 51: ut deliberare de statu rerum suarum posset, id. 44, 31: ut taedio praesentium consules duo et status pristinus rerum in desiderium veniant, id. 3, 37, 3: jam Latio is status erat rerum ut neque bellum neque pacem pati possent, id. 8, 13, 2: qui se moverit ad sollicitandum statum civitatis, internal peace, id. 3, 20, 8: omni praesenti statu spem cuique novandi res suas blandiorem esse, more attractive than any condition of public affairs, id. 35, 17: tranquillitatis status, Val. Max. 7, 2, 1: in sollicito civitatis statu, Quint. 6, 1, 16: principes regesque et quocumque alio nomine sunt tutores status publici, guardians of public order, Sen. Clem. 1, 4, 3: curis omnium ad formandum publicum statum a tam sollemni munere aversis, Curt, 10, 10, 9; so, ad formandum rerum praesentium statum, Just. 9, 5, 1: populo jam praesenti statu laeto, Suet. Caes. 50: ad componendum Orientis statum, id. Calig. 1: deploravit temporum statum, id. Galb. 10: ad explorandum statum Galliarum, id. Caes. 24: delegatus pacandae Germaniae status, id. Tib. 16: et omnia habet rerum status iste mearum (poet., = reipublicae meae), Ov. M. 7, 509.
      2. 2. Esp., of the political sentiments of the citizens: a Maronitis certiora de statu civitatium scituros, Liv. 39, 27: ad visendum statum regionis ejus, id. 42, 17, 1: suas quoque in eodem statu mansuras res esse, id. 42, 29, 9: cum hic status in Boeotiā esset, id. 42, 56, 8.
      3. 3. Of the constitution, institutions, form of government, etc.: Scipionem rogemus ut explicet quem existimet esse optimum statum civitatis, Cic. Rep. 1, 20, 33; 1, 21, 34; 1, 46, 70; 1, 47, 71: ob hanc causam praestare nostrae civitatis statum ceteris civitatibus, id. ib. 2, 1, 2: itaque cum patres rerum potirentur, numquam constitisse statum civitatis, the form of the government had never been permanent, id. ib. 1, 32, 49: in hoc statu rei publicae (decemvirali), quem dixi non posse esse diuturnum, id. ib. 2, 37, 62: providete ne rei publicae status commutetur, id. Har. Resp. 27, 60: eademque oritur etiam ex illo saepe optimatium praeclaro statu, aristocratic form of government, id. Rep. 1, 44, 68: ut totum statum civitatis in hoc uno judicio positam esse putetis, id. Fl. 1, 3: ut rei publicae statum convulsuri viderentur, id. Pis. 2, 4: pro meā salute, pro vestrā auctoritate, pro statu civitatis nullum vitae discrimen vitandum umquam putavit, id. Red. in Sen. 8, 20: cum hoc coire ausus es, ut consularem dignitatem, ut rei publicae statumaddiceres? id. ib. 7, 16: omnia quae sunt in imperio et in statu civitatis ab iis defendi putantur, id. Mur. 11, 24: intelleges (te habere) nihil quod aut hoc aut aliquo rei publicae statu timeas, id. Fam. 6, 2, 3: quod ad statum Macedoniae pertinebat, Liv. 45, 32, 2: ex commutatione statūs publici, Vell. 2, 35, 4: haec oblivio concussum et labentem civitatis statum in pristinum habitum revocavit, Val. Max. 4, 1, ext. 4: Gracchi civitatis statum conati erant convellere, id. 6, 3, 1 fin.: Cicero ita legibus Sullae cohaerere statum civitatis affirmat ut his solutis stare ipsa non possit, Quint. 11, 1, 85: qui eloquentiā turbaverant civitatium status vel everterant, id. 2, 16, 4: id biduum quod de mutando reipublicae statu haesitatum erat, Suet. Claud. 11: nec dissimulasse unquam pristinum se reipublicae statum restituturum, id. ib. 1: conversus hieme ad ordinandum reipublicae statum, fastos correxit, etc., id. Caes. 40: tu civitatem quis deceat status Curas, what institutions, Hor. C. 3, 29, 25.
        Hence,
      4. 4. Existence of the republic: quae lex ad imperium, ad majestatem, ad statum patriae, ad salutem omnium pertinet, Cic. Cael. 29, 70 (= eo, ut stet patria, the country’s existence): si enim status erit aliquis civitatis, quicunque erit, id. Fam. 4, 14, 4: status enim rei publicae maxime judicatis rebus continetur, the existence of the republic depends on the decisions of the courts, i. e. their sacredness, id. Sull. 22, 63.
    3. C. In nature, state, condition, etc.: incolumitatis ac salutis omnium causā videmus hunc statum esse hujus totius mundi atque naturae, Cic. Or. 3, 45, 178: ex alio alius status (i. e. mundi) excipere omnia debet, Lucr. 5, 829: ex alio terram status excipit alter, id. 5, 835: est etiam quoque pacatus status aëris ille, id. 3, 292: non expectato solis ortu, ex quo statum caeli notare gubernatores possent, Liv. 37, 12, 11: idem (mare) alio caeli statu recipit in se fretum, Curt. 6, 4, 19: incertus status caeli, Col. 11, 2: pluvius caeli status, id. 2, 10: mitior caeli status, Sen. Oedip. 1054.
    4. D. The characteristic, mark, character, essential feature of a thing.
      1. 1. In gen.: atque hoc loquor de tribus his generibus rerum publicarum non perturbatis atque permixtis, sed suum statum tenentibus, preserving their essential features, Cic. Rep. 1, 28, 44.
        Hence,
      2. 2. Esp. in rhet. jurisp.
          1. (α) The answer to the action (acc. to Cic., because the defence: primum insistit in eo = the Gr. στάσις): refutatio accusationis appellatur Latine status, in quo primum insistit quasi ad repugnandum congressa defensio, Cic. Top. 25, 93; so, statu (sic enim appellamus controversiarum genera), id. Tusc. 3, 33, 79: statum quidam dixerunt primam causarum conflictionem, Quint. 3, 6, 4; cf. Cic. Part. Or. 29, 102.
          2. (β) The main question, the essential point: quod nos statum id quidam constitutionem vocant, alii quaestionem, alii quod ex quaestione appareat, Theodorus caput, ad quod referantur omnia, Quint. 3, 6, 2: non est status prima conflictio, sed quod ex primā conflictione nascitur, id est genus quaestionis, the kind, nature of the question, id. 3, 6, 5; cf. the whole chapter.
    5. E. In gram., the mood of the verb, instead of modus, because it distinguishes the conceptions of the speaker: et tempora et status, tenses and moods, Quint. 9, 3, 11: fiunt soloecismi per modos, sive cui status eos dici placet, id. 1, 5, 41.
      Note: For statu liber, v. statuliber.