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sēni, ae, a (gen. plur. senūm, Cic. Verr. 2, 49, 122; Caes. B. C. 2, 15), num. distrib. [sex].

  1. I. Lit., six each: cum in sex partes divisus exercitus Romanus senis horis in orbem succederet proelio, Liv. 6, 4: senos viros singuli currus vehebant, Curt. 8, 14, 3: ut tribuni militum seni deni (by many written in one word, senideni) in quattuor legiones crearentur, Liv. 9, 30; so, sena dena (or senadena) stipendia, Tac. A. 1, 36 fin.: senūm pedum crassitudo, Caes. B. C. 2, 15; cf.: pueri annorum senūm septenūmque denūm, sixteen and seventeen years old, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 49, § 122.
  2. II. Transf., for sex, six: tradiderat natalibus actis Bis puerum senis, past his twelfth birthday, Ov. M. 8, 243: sena vellera, id. ib. 12, 429: pedes, i. e. hexameter, Hor. S. 1, 10, 59: ictus (of the senarius), id. A. P. 253: latitudo ejus ne minus pedum senūm denūm (or senumdenum), Vitr. 6, 9.

Seniae, ārum, f.: balneae, the name of a public bath at Rome, Cic. Cael. 25, 62 (this the correct read., not Xeniae).

sĕnĭca, ae, m. or f. [senicus; whence senex], an aged person, an old man, old woman, only Pompon. ap. Non. 17, 20, and 21.

sĕnĭcŭlus, i, m. dim. [senex], a little old man, only App. M. 1, p. 113, 32.

sēnīdēni, v. seni.

Sēnĭensis (Colonia), a town of Etruria, now Siena, Plin. 3, 5, 8, § 51; Tac. H. 4, 45.
Hence, Sēnĭenses, ium, m., the inhabitants of Sena, Tac. l. l.

sĕnīlis, e, adj. [senex], of or belonging to old people, aged, senile (freq. and class.): Tages puerili specie dicitur visus, sed senili fuisse prudentiā, Cic. Div. 2, 23, 50; cf. partes (opp. viriles), Hor. A. P. 176: senile aliquid (opp. adulescentis aliquid), Cic. Sen. 11, 38: corpus, id. Sest. 22, 50: artus, Ov. M. 7, 250: vultus, id. ib. 8, 528: genae, id. ib. 8, 210: guttur, Hor. Epod. 3, 2: ruga, Ov. F. 5, 58: statua incurva, of an old man, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 35, § 87: anni, Ov. M. 7, 163; 13, 66; and poet.: hiems (as the last, latest season of the year), id. ib. 15, 212: animus, Liv. 10, 22: stultitia, Cic. Sen. 11, 36: auctoritas morum, Quint. 11, 1, 32: artes, Tac. A. 3, 8: adoptio, id. ib. 1, 7 fin.: senile illud facinus, that wicked old woman, App. M. 4, p. 148, 9.
* Adv.: sĕnīlĭter, after the manner of an old person: tremere, Quint. 1, 11, 1.

sēnĭo, ōnis, m. [seni], the number six, a sice upon dice: talis jactatis, ut quisque canem aut senionem miserat, August. ap. Suet. Aug. 71; Pers. 3, 48; Mart. 13, 1, 6.

sĕnĭor, ōris, v. senex.

sēnĭ-pēs, pĕdis, adj., six-footed, senarian (late Lat.): stilus, Sid. Carm. 23, 131; 12, 10.

sĕnĭum, ii, n. [seneo, II.].

  1. I. Lit., the feebleness of age, decline, decay, debility (cf. senectus; class.): tardigemulo senio oppressum, Laev. ap. Gell. 19, 7, 3: opus perfectum, quod omni morbo seniove careret, Cic. Univ. 5 fin.; (with aegritudo) id. Tusc. 3, 12, 27; cf.: senio debilis, Phaedr. 3, epil. 16: senio vel aliquā corporis labe insignes, Suet. Aug. 38: senio confectos gladiatores, id. Calig. 26 fin.: senium Galbae et juventa Othonis, Tac. H. 1, 22: principis, id. ib. 2, 1: curvata senio membra, id. A. 1, 34: fessus senio, id. ib. 2, 42: fluxa senio mens, id. ib. 6, 38; cf.: torpor mentis ac senium, Sen. Ben. 7, 26, 4; Sil. 16, 14: ita se ipse (mundus) consumptione et senio alebat sui, by its own consumption and decay, Cic. Univ. 6: lunae, i. e. waning, Plin. 7, 48, 49, § 155: lentae velut tabis, Liv. 7, 22, 5: senium repellere templis, decay, Sil. 3, 20: senium defendere famae, the growing old, passing away, Stat. Th. 9, 318: passus est leges istas situ atque senio emori, Gell. 20, 1, 10.
  2. II. Transf.
    1. A. Concr., an old man, old fellow (very rare; anteclass. as an epithet of abuse): senex ad aetatem refertur, senium ad convicium. Sic Lucilius ait: At quidem te senium atque insulse sophista, Don. ad Ter. Eun. 2, 3, 11. And on account of its personal signif. with a masc. pron.: ut illum di deaeque senium perdant, qui hodie me remoratus est, Ter. l. l. (cf. scortum, II. fin.).
      Once in Silius, without an odious access. signif., for senex, Sil. 8, 467.
    2. B. (Effectus pro causā.) Peevishness, moroseness; vexation, chagrin, mortification; grief, trouble, affliction produced by decay (syn.: maeror, aegritudo, etc.; class.): mors amici subigit, quae mihi est senium multo acerrimum, Att. ap. Non. 2, 23: hae res mihi dividiae et senio sunt, Plaut. Stich. 1, 1, 19; cf.: id illi senio est, id. Truc. 2, 5, 13: odio ac senio mihi nuptiae, Turp. ap. Non. 2, 33: luget senatus, maeret equester ordo, tota civitas confecta senio est, Cic. Mil. 8, 20: senio et maerore consumptus, Liv. 40, 54; Pers. 6, 16: surge et inhumanae senium depone Camenae, peevishness, moroseness, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 47; cf.: triste morum, Sen. Hippol. 917: en pallor seniumque! Pers. 1, 26.
      Plur.: quot pestes, senia et jurgia emigrarunt, Titin. ap. Non. 2, 18.
      Note: The words ille senius, in Cic. de Or. 3, 38, 154, are doubtless corrupt; v. Orell. and Ellendt ad loc.